In the middle of the second wave of Covid-19, the pharmaceutical companies Pfizer and Moderna are at the forefront in the race to obtain an effective vaccine against the virus. Pfizer has announced that its vaccine was 90% effective, and Moderna has announced through a statement that its vaccine is 94.5% effective. Both use a technology called ‘messenger RNA’, and what they do is ‘train’ the immune system to stimulate ‘T’ cells (which increase defenses) and produce antibodies. Right now one of the questions everyone is asking is whether the coronavirus vaccine will be mandatory in Spain.
Vaccination is voluntary
Except in exceptional situations, in Spain vaccination is not compulsory, but voluntary. Therefore, under normal conditions the authorities do not force anyone to be vaccinated.
Now the Vaccine Advisory Committee of the Spanish Pediatric Association (CAV-AEP) explains that a pandemic can be considered an exceptional situation in which public authorities could impose mandatory vaccination. There are laws that establish the mandatory nature of vaccination
On the one hand, the Organic Law 4/1981, of June 1, of States of Alarm, Exception and Siege. It is a general rule that in article 12 establishes that the competent authorities may adopt measures to combat infectious diseases.
And, on the other hand, the National Health Bases Act of 1944 and Organic Law 3/1986. Both point out that the public administration can make vaccination mandatory if there is a public health problem, although for this it must have a judicial authorization.
«The competent health authorities may adopt measures of recognition, treatment, hospitalization or control when rational indications are appreciated that allow to suppose the existence of danger to the health of the population due to the specific health situation of a person or group of people or by the sanitary conditions in which an activity is carried out ”.
So will the coronavirus vaccine be mandatory? The health professionals They consider that declaring the vaccine mandatory is not the most appropriate at this time because the effects would be counterproductive. They trust in reaching very high vaccination coverage among the population without having to become compulsory.
Fernando Simón hopes that “it does not have to be mandatory”
The director of the Center for the Coordination of Health Alerts and Emergencies (CCAES), Fernando Simón, has entered live on the TVE1 program ‘Las things clear’. He explained that Spain has one of the best vaccination systems in the world, so he hopes that the coronavirus vaccine “does not have to be mandatory.”
He has also talked about the procedures that citizens will have to do to get vaccinated. The companies that make COVID vaccines have limited capacity, so all the advances will be made progressively. Fernando Simón that negotiations with pharmaceutical companies are being carried out at the European level, in such a way that when a company obtains a new product, all member countries of the European Union, they distribute it proportionally.