The United Nations System joined the generalized rejection of a decree of law approved by the Parliament of Honduras that prohibits abortion and same-sex marriage in the Central American country
| 01/23/2021 | ionicons-v5-c20: 00 | – . |
The United Nations System joined this Saturday in the widespread rejection of a decree of law approved by the Parliament of Honduras that prohibits the abortion and marriage between people of the same sex in the country and urged the Legislative branch to reconsider the ratification of the reform.
In a statement, the United Nations System expressed « its concern » over the approval on Thursday of a decree that incorporates the absolute prohibition of abortion in article 67 of the Constitution of Honduras and article 112 regarding the prohibition of equality marriage.
The UN reiterated that the constitutional reform « contravenes international human rights obligations, since it prevents the approach to a public health problem that criminalization of the abortion in all its forms it already provokes « .
He also noted that the reform could « increase the situation of inequality and discrimination based on gender in the country. »
The United Nations System urged the National Congress to reconsider the ratification of the reform, and reaffirmed its availability to provide technical advice « to the Legislative branch on the matter.
« The existence of very restrictive laws, which prohibit abortions even in cases of incest, rape, fetal deficiency or when the life or health of the mother is at risk, violate the right of women not to be subjected to torture or ill treatment, « according to the Office of the Special Rapporteur on Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
The UN also regretted that the decree approved on the equality marriage restricts the rights of people based on their sexual orientation, gender identity or expression.
The foregoing, he added, contravenes Advisory Opinion 24/2017 of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (Inter-American Court) and the principle of progressivity and non-regression of human rights, affecting two traditionally vulnerable groups: women and LGBTI people.
« The approved constitutional reform is contrary to what is established in Article 373 of the Honduran Constitution, which establishes that the reform of the fundamental law may be decreed with two-thirds of all members of Congress, » he emphasized.
He further assured that by « establishing a qualified majority of three quarters (86 of the 128 deputies of Parliament) for the reform of the articles referring to the abortion and to equality marriage, the scope of Article 373 is violated, which is found within the articles that cannot be amended in any case, as established in the Constitution of the Republic of Honduras. «
The United Nations System asked the Legislature « to ensure the conclusion of any bill with the groups directly affected, to guarantee their discussion in the three debates required by the Constitution of the Republic. »
Different Honduran and international organizations, such as Oxfam, Doctors Without Borders and Human Rights Watch, have rejected the approval of the decree that absolutely prohibits the abortion and same-sex marriage in Honduras