What is the relationship between quality of life, happiness and having material goods? The answer is not simple because it depends on the life project of each individual. We tell you about the types of wellness.
The welfare It is a state of happiness and fulfillment to which the human being reaches and that has to do with various tangible and intangible factors.
It depends on how a person perceives himself, his environment, the social relationships he establishes and includes physiological, philosophical, economic, clinical, social aspects, among others.
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Types of well-being, what are they?
The World Health Organization defines the concept of health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not only the absence of diseases or illnesses ”.
While the United Nations Organization, in the Sustainable Development Goals, places it in the third objective “Health and well-being”.
It explains some priorities such as increasing life expectancy, reducing some common causes of death associated with infant and maternal mortality, and eradicating diseases such as HIV / AIDS and malaria.
Both organisms associate well-being with physical aspects or somatic of a person and access to healthcare, but it is not all.
The doctor of psychology, Maria Isabel Barrera Villalpando, comments that we are biopsychosocial, cultural and spiritual beings.
It means that we are configured based on certain biological characteristics, influenced by psychological aspects, in interaction with a social environment, permeated by a certain culture and a spirituality that connects us to ourselves and that may or may not be religious.
The specialist, who is attached to the External Consultation Service of the Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz National Institute of Psychiatry, divides the concept into two items:
Is a assessment of a person’s physical health through a clinical examination where glucose, cholesterol, lipid levels are measured, and a general examination after which a doctor determines that a person is in good health.
This section includes aspects such as adequate nutrition, taking care of sleeping hours and exercising.
“It involves performing routine check-ups, taking into account that health is not only the absence of diseases but it is a state of full harmony in what leads you to face challenges and make the best decisions.”
Subjective well-being has to do with perception that the person has of himself about his physical, biological, cultural, social and spiritual functioning.
In her doctoral thesis, Barrera Villalpando, worked on some issues of pain with the Subjective Well-being Scale of the authors Anguas-Plata and Reyes-Lagunes of the Faculty of Psychology of the UNAM, which considers four aspects: species survival, the safety throughout the human development process, the material prosperity and the intellectual progress.
That is where the emotional part comes in, which has to do with a personal perception where the individual reflects how satisfied you are with your life, what is missing or what is left over.
This simple exercise of seeing what has been achieved in the past, present and future, positions you with a philosophy of life.
The affective part consists of identifying the social support that the person has, it is not enough to be accompanied but the quality and support that one has.
“Within psychology and psychiatry there are scales that measure mental health. We constantly take inventories of aspects of illness such as anxiety, depressive symptoms, hopelessness, aspects such as some of the mental disorders that we see more frequently are measured ”.
The specialist indicates that an adequate balance would be that they agree the objective perception with the subjective one.
Ideally it would have to match how others see me and how I feel.
Luis Angel Soto Mendoza, a master in organizational psychology from the Autonomous University of the State of Morelos, adds other factors to this classification:
Human beings have survived because of the ability to work in a team, to relate and share experiences with other people.
The cultural aspect influences a lot since there are societies that are more gregarious than others.
“In Mexico there is a lot of this concept of ‘muégano’ family where life revolves around relatives, who are the main support and company and there are countries where from the age of 18, young people leave home, become independent, live with their partner or alone and they are fine ”.
In the country many rites and customs revolve around the family: social gatherings, weddings, XV years, baptisms, graduations, these are festivities that can become extremely absorbing, but they are also not for everyone: there are people who are very well with a reduced circle of friends or partner and who are not affected to participate in massive events or to live together all the time.
Enter a series of parameters such as the amount of goods and services that an average citizen produces in a given territory.
Relying on this assessment can be very frustrating, says the specialist and more in the context of the pandemic in which many people have seen their income reduced.
“Having ambitions is good, wanting to get ahead too, but you have to see the current situation and establish appropriate priorities as related to personal growth, continuous learning, work goals and preparation ”.
It is very common to be disappointed by not achieving objectives, he adds, something important is to achieve small things: start talking, give our opinion, visualize situations and verbalize problems.
Little by little things can be modified.
The mental health therapist does not rule out going to a specialist for a therapeutic process to work on emotions, social relationships or aspects of life that are no longer pleasant and that require modifications.
“That push has to do with developing skills and abilities, when you no longer feel happy is when this decision to change comes.”