Filomena is the star of the week in much of Spain. And not for the better. The snow in Madrid continues to collapse the city and the cold wave will leave temperatures below zero in much of the country. For this reason, although it is best not to leave the house and, if you do, go as warm as possible; risky situations can always occur That lead us to hypothermia But, What is it? How can we recognize it? And how to act in front of it?
The drop in body temperature prevents the organs from working normally
Hypothermia is “when the body loses heat faster than it produces it, which causes a dangerous decrease in body temperature, “they explain from the Mayo Clinic. The normal temperature is about 37 degrees, although recent studies suggest that in recent years it has dropped to 36.5 degrees. “Hypothermia occurs when the body’s temperature falls below 35 ºC”they add.
It is one of the true hospital emergencies since this drop in temperature causes that “the heart, the nervous system and others organs cannot function normally“. What’s more,” if left untreated, hypothermia can cause failure of the heart and the total respiratory system and eventually death, “they indicate from Mayo Clinic.
Symptoms and treatment of hypothermia
The symptoms appear progressively and are the body’s own response to try to warm up. Among these are “shaking chills, slurring or babbling; slow, shallow breathing, weak pulse; clumsiness or incoordination, drowsiness or very little energy disorientation or memory loss; unconsciousness and cold, bright red skin (in babies), “they list.
Unfortunately, if you are alone it is more difficult to notice that you are beginning to enter hypothermia: “A person with hypothermia usually are not aware of the condition. In addition, the confusion of thought related to hypothermia prevents one from being aware of what is happening to them, “they explain. In fact,” the confusion of thought can also cause risky behavior “, so the person with hypothermia could be put in greater danger.
But if one is accompanied, the other person can act. The best thing if it is suspected that our companion has hypothermia is to notify the emergency services (112 in Spain or 911 in Mexico). However, in case we do not have access to help quickly, we also we can help the other person regain warmth. Or, at the very least, keep it warm while the emergency services arrive.
Off the wet clothes
Extreme care must be taken when dealing with a person with hypothermia as “sudden movements can cause dangerous irregular heartbeats”
Hypothermia, in short, is caused by exposure to cold or immersion in cold water – for example, if someone falls into a lake or spend many hours in frozen water, like Jack on Titanic. And the main solution to avoid hypothermia is to try to keep your body warm. That is why it is recommended to take the person with hypothermia indoors or similar. But It has to be done as smoothly as possibleSince “sudden movements can cause dangerous irregular heartbeats,” they point out. Then you have to remove wet clothes and replace them with dry onesIt is very important to put warm coats and blankets if you have them on hand.
But the best way to prevent hypothermias is not to leave if it is not necessary and stay as warm as possible at home. And wrap up very well if you have no choice but to go into the cold with which we will live for a few more days.