On November 17, 2019, the first case of COVID-19 was detected in the world. The virus, a year later, has caused a wave of deaths and pain in all corners of the planet
The first known case of COVID-19 the November 17, 2019 in the province of Wuhan, in Hubei, China.
A 55-year-old whose case went viral and who, a year later, has come to change everything in the world.
Until now, according to the Johns Hopkins University, there is more of 55 million cases Y 1.3 million dead by this new type of coronavirus.
The initially called ‘pneumonia of Wuhan‘began its spread weeks after the first case.
The disease, never seen until then, was recognized by China until the December 31, 2019.
Until now the origin of this virus is unknown. It is believed to have passed to humans from a wild animal, possibly a bat or a pangolin.
That same month, World Health Organization began to issue warnings about the danger of this condition but refused to give a health alert for her.
It was until January 13, 2020, the first case of contagion outside of China, with a case that occurred in Thailand.
With just 41 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the world, mainly in China, the WHO warned of a possible broader outbreak although gravity was still unknown.
By January 22, 2020, the WHO issued a statement in which the transmission of the virus between human beings after a review in Wuhan.
On January 30 of this year, the who stated that the outbreak of COVID-19 constituted a public health emergency of international concern.
Was the sixth time in the world that such a statement was made.
The declaration of pandemic of this virus arrived on March 11, when specialists warned of the alarming levels of spread of the disease and its severity.
One year after the first case, it is known that the SARS-CoV-2, which causes the disease known as COVID-19 is a highly contagious virus causing, in severe cases, death.
Currently, specialists work in various slopesOne is to establish the origin and method of transmission of the virus, even tracing the origins of the virus to establish a pattern two months before the first contagion.
Another aspect of the research focuses mainly on the creation of a vaccine against the virus.
This career, the most advanced in the research stage, has become the only hope for prevent spread.
At least 10 candidate vaccines in the world they remain in trials. Some are already in Phase 3, which involve clinical trials in humans.
In a secondary way, they are also investigated new drugs to treat the disease, as well as the effects of medicines already existing in the treatment of related diseases.
Many countries in the world, at the same time, have implemented social distancing measures throughout the year to prevent further spread of cases. Government have ordered national massive lockdowns and the suspension of school and economic activities with the aim of avoiding crowds, mainly in closed spaces.
However, despite the international efforts, there is still no cure or some type of effective mechanism to avoid contagion, which in some regions of the world appears in a second wave.
As preventive measures, and as the only ones that can be taken to prevent the spread of the virus, at the moment, the recommendations of the use of face masks, the frequent hand washing, use of alcohol gel Besides of social distancing.
The first case of COVID-19 was detected in Mexico on February 27, 2020.
Since then and until now, the cases have increased exponentially.
Just 19 days after first positive for coronavirusOn March 18, the first death was recorded in Mexico from respiratory disease, when they added 118 infections.
The first fatality of the COVID-19 nationwide it was a 41-year-old man who I was interned at the INER and had presented the first symptoms on March 9.
It was then that the National Healthy Distance Day. As of March 23, the Government of Mexico included maintaining a distance between people of 1.5 meters, the suspension from school activities Y non-essential activities, in addition to confinement at home, under the motto ‘Stay at home’.
These measures were intended to be lifted on April 19. A day that was going to last only four weeks. However, before the beginning of community infections, on March 30, the health emergency due to force majeure, which forced the expansion of preventive measures against COVID-19, which lasted until May 31.
Today, in Mexico, eight months and 20 days after the first case, there is a one million 9 thousand 396 accumulated confirmed positive cases from COVID-19 in Mexico, and it is one of the countries with the highest mortality from the virus in the world, with a total of 98,861 deaths.
Currently, states like Chihuahua, Durango Y Zacatecas present an increase in the number of cases. These entities have applied new social distancing measures, such as closing shops, banning meetings and various restrictions on mobility.
This is no time to let your guard down
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, director of the who, warned that “this is not the time for complacency” despite the positive results shown by some experimental vaccines against COVID-19.
The who also alerted by a worrying number of patients from COVID-19 that, despite overcoming the disease, have long-term health consequences, and recalled that it is caused by “a dangerous virus that can attack any body system.”
All countries use the resources at their disposal to continue fighting the advance of the coronavirus, from the tracking of cases to the quarantines of affected suspects.
Today more than ever, international cooperation has become a vital element for the health protection locally and globally.
And although the future is uncertain, specialists point out that there are promising results in the vaccine studies that could arrive next year.
By Tania Villanueva