The sacred city of the quilmes, the fierce warriors

For Prof. Antonio Las Heras

In the Sacred city of the original town of the Quilmes are the vestiges of ancient alchemists who developed their practices centuries before the birth of Jesus. The evidence is in sight: at the top of the Tucuman hill you can still see the mortars carved in the stone itself, arranged by mimicking astronomical positions, in which the substances were mixed to carry out the transmutation in a similar way that the peoples of the East did, as well as more recently the Europeans.

Official science does not talk about this. Nor does it suggest it. It limits itself to pointing out that These mortars were (always) used to grind grain and turn it into food. Too simple, right? In addition, how to explain the numerous presence of these on the top of the mountain? Do you want to make the effort to transport grain up when it could be ground at the foot of the mountain? Furthermore, in el skirt there are also numerous pieces that maintain dispositions and symbolic quantities. Academic science, the « politically correct » one, admits that the creators of this sacred fortress had a developed culture and that they also dominated metallurgy. «Blacksmiths and alchemists», title his text Mircea eliade, which comes to mind.

In the sacred city of the original people of the Quilmes are the vestiges of ancient alchemists.

Both tourism promotion and academic writings refer to the place as « the sacred ruins of the Quilme Indians. » We prefer to use a more accurate designation, « holy city. » It is enough to see the place from half a kilometer away to notice that, with the work of the experts, one can hardly speak of « ruins »; there are the walls of that city that housed an original people, the quilmes, recognized as fierce and intelligent warriors whom the colonizers could not defeat. It is not for less. This place is a Masada, only much smaller in size. There, from the height of the hill, they could see any enemy approaching from miles away. Springs that still carry water to the surroundings today allowed them to resist for a long time.

Prof. Antonio Las Heras in the sacred city.

After defeating them in 1667 and not being possible to subdue them, the Spanish decided to take the 2,600 survivors to what is now known as Quilmes in memory of the « Mission of Santa María de Quilmes », about 35 kilometers from the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. They were forced to walk a thousand kilometers with almost no food, which caused just about 400 will arrive at their destination to die, mostly, especially because they affected the climate and the lack of corn and carob that constituted their main meals.

Mortars were (always) used to grind grain and turn it into food.

Some 3,400 more had died during the fighting. That is, the quilmes in the mid-17th century numbered around 6,000 souls.

The citadel built magnificently from the base of the hill, known as Alto del Rey, to its summit, is located in the northwest of the province of Tucumán, in the Calchaquíes Valleys. It is the largest pre-Columbian settlement in Argentina, covering around 30 hectares and located at 1,978 meters above sea level. At the top of the hill there is what is known as Pucará, a military fortification that allows an effective defense of the place. The rest of the space is made up of corrals, places to store grains and houses. According to the studies carried out the first constructions date from the 8th century BC. Although today it is an inhospitable area, the closest thing to a desert far from even other populations, the locals tell us that their grandparents said that until no more than half a century in the region it rained frequently between March and October; which made these lands fertile and suitable for agriculture.

The first constructions date from the 8th century BC.