Today, Madrid It is already below all the thresholds established by the Ministry of Health to force it into a state of ad hoc alarm. Moncloa defined three criteria that Madrid far exceeded at that time: cumulative incidence of more than 500 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, positivity in the tests greater than 10% and a occupation of ICU places by Covid patients above 35%. After the declines in the ICUs, the last missing indicator, the Community has already surpassed all of them. The international press is already talking about the ‘miracle of Madrid’, which has positioned itself as the great European capital with the lowest risk of contagion.
On September 30, the Interterritorial Council of the National Health System Telematically summoned all the Health Councilors of the communities with a single issue on the table: Madrid. The advance of the contagions – despite the data showing that the decline had already begun – was serious and the Government of Pedro Sánchez then sought to confine Madrid without counting on the criteria of the Community itself, which was against such a measure drastic and that could make its model of surgical restrictions ineffective -as it happened-.
By decision of the majority in that collegiate body dependent on the Ministry of Health, Madrid was confined with a cumulative incidence of 735 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, a positivity of 19.9% and an ICU occupancy of 41.7%. Less than a week later, the Superior Court of Justice of Madrid overturned the ministerial order of Health and forced the Government to convene a Council of Emergency Ministers to declare a state of alarm over the Community.
A month and a half have passed since that decision, and today Madrid is already below all those thresholds chosen by Health, the only region that at that time exceeded them. The cumulative incidence has now fallen to 324 cases for every 100,000 inhabitants (56%), positivity has dropped at 8.2% (-11.7%) and the occupied ICU beds went from 487 at 434 (leaving occupancy at 34%, one point less than required).
That of the UCI has been the criterion that Madrid has had the most cost to reduce due to a question of deadlines. Intensive care stays for Covid patients tend to last weeks, so the trickle of new admissions is incessant and discharges – also deaths – are registered with much less intensity after the peak of the second wave. However, since the beginning of November this indicator has entered a significant downward trend, just like that of hospitalized patients – not taken into account by Health to confine, which are already very close to falling below 2,000. You represent a 15% of all income in the hospital network of the Community.
The ‘miracle of Madrid’
Madrid entered the ‘ICU’ last September, went to the ward in October and now, in November, it can practically be considered that it is close to receiving medical discharge. The epidemiological situation of the Community has taken such a turn that it has even been baptized as “the miracle of Madrid” by the foreign press, which has already become the great European capital with the lowest rate of infections.
Multitude of newspapers and regional websites of Germany, Austria and Switzerland have released a report from the main German news agency, DPA, entitled ‘The Miracle of Madrid’, which highlights the effective response of the Government of Isabel Diaz Ayuso the coronavirus in this second wave. For example, Die Welt, one of the most important German newspapers, echoed this publication.
The chronicle of the DPA fundamentally underlines how the contagion curve descends without having decreed the closure of the hotel and restaurant industry, which other communities such as Asturias or Catalonia, which also maintains the perimeter confinement of the region until November 22.
According to the report, “the researchers are astonished and cannot find a correct explanation: in the former epicenter of the coronavirus in Madrid, the figures are falling fastalthough the bars and restaurants are full. How does it work? ”Asks the article from the German agency.
But the answer also stands out: antigen tests. Thus, the DPA maintains that in the opinion of “many” epidemiologists, these tests have been the “main reason for success.” He relates that Madrid bought five million tests at the end of September and «offensives were launched in problem areas ». “This makes it easier, cheaper and faster to diagnose contagious cases. In this way, infected people can be isolated earlier, ”says the report in the words of Miguel Angel Royo, spokesperson for the Spanish Association of Epidemiologists.