A few days ago we told you about ‘Plandemic’, a documentary about the coronavirus pandemic that has generated great controversy for his pro-conspiracy theory stance and dangerous anti-mask advice.
Because of the latter, above all, big platforms like YouTube, Vimeo or Facebook started a massive deletion campaign of that and other videos, aimed at “preventing the dissemination of hoaxes” (to such an extent that copies of the video were even deleted from Google Drive accounts).
This has led many users to search Alternative platforms that allow videos to be broadcast without depending on large companies that apply what they perceive as strict content censorship policies.
And yes, there are several alternatives that allow you to broadcast all kinds of videos (although most continue to accept claims related to copyright, for example). And they are already using them:
PeerTube is to YouTube what Mastodon is to Twitter: an open source web application, made up of multiple servers or ‘instances’ (in Fediverse terminology), all of them ‘federable’ to each other and based on peer-to-peer technology as a means of content transmission.
This is, there is not a single PeerTube, but multiple servers based on said application (as there are millions of WordPress based blogs). AND each ‘peertube’ is managed by a different person or entity, each with their own rules regarding content moderation.
That assumes that content that is not well received on a server will always have several alternatives to be hosted. In fact, that makes it easy for any creator of multimedia material to easily create their own video portal.
Videos of those other friendly instances that your administrator has chosen to follow will appear on the cover of each instance, but in turn You can restrict how many users register in yours and the disk quota reserved for each one. Like YouTube, registration is unnecessary if you are only looking to watch videos.
“We cannot build free alternatives to YouTube, Dailymotion, Vimeo … resorting to centralized software: a single organization cannot have enough money to pay for bandwidth and video storage.
So we need to start from a decentralized network, but by itself it is not enough: a video could become famous and overload the server; that’s the reason why we need to use a P2P protocol to limit server load.
Thanks to WebTorrent, we can resort to Bittorrent technology within the web browser [y así repartir la carga del archivo entre los distintos usuarios]”
Brighteon is a project launched in July 2018 by the owner of NaturalNews (a ‘heterodox’ health information medium) with the explicit objective of become the “pro-free expression alternative to YouTube”.
In recent months, it has experienced notable traffic growth, having received in April more than 2.8 million visits. They refuse to monetize user data and claim to be financing only through the portal store.
For now, the portal maintains a limit for uploading videos: every new user can upload up to 50 videos, a figure that is increasing progressively until the channel exceeds 20,000 views, at which time the user no longer has any limitations.
Most of the links to view ‘Plandemic’ that are moving on the Net refer to this website, what has generated that Facebook has included it in its ‘black list’ since last week and now it is impossible to share any link to Brighteon from the social network.
A year and a half before PeerTube was born, Ray Vahey already had the idea to use WebTorrent as the base technology that would allow building an alternative to YouTube censorship. According to SimilarWeb, last April BitChute accumulated more than 20 million visits, so it is not going astray.
A feature of BitChute is that makes it easy for users to micro-donate to their favorite video creators through various payment processors, such as PayChute, Patreon or PayPal; although the availability of the latter has been intermittent in recent times, having reached block BitChute for a time after accusing them of not leaking ‘extremist’ content.
Unlike Peertube, Bitchute is not based on a decentralized network, but it has announced their intention to implement live broadcasting functions in the future through a decentralized protocol to prevent anyone (not even those responsible for the website) from interrupting the connection.
NodeTube / NewTube
Peertube isn’t the only alternative to YouTube with an instance-based models: NodeTube is a new contender in this field, although for now its best example is still the server managed by its creators, NewTube.app.
Its main differentiating element with respect to PeerTube is that It already integrates live broadcasts and allows you to also upload audio and images, although as a counterpart it does not integrate the ‘federation’ technology of the Fediverse (ActivityPub) and in fact its creator declares itself “skeptical” of it.
You don’t even need to install it on your own server– If you have an account on Heroku (the Salesforce cloud), you can deploy your NodeTube instance in no time.
Other ‘alternative’ video steaming platforms that are beginning to attract user interest are those based on blockchain technology (which means even greater decentralization than the one provided by the PeerTube model), used to store an index of the available content and how to access itor using P2P systems (normally IFPS).
Some include their own cryptocurrencies that we can achieve by publishing material or agreeing to store it on our team. Projects such as LBRY, Dtube or BitTube would fall into this category.