Driving a vehicle is more complex than you think, as it involves knowledge, not only of road laws, but also of mechanics and of course techniques to be able to drive efficiently and, above all, safely.
To be a good driver in every sense of the word, we must adopt ideal techniques, one of them is braking.
Although braking systems have undergone various improvements, making them much safer today, controlling the vehicle in emergency situations requires a certain skill and knowledge to get out of hand.
According to Qualitas experts, some braking techniques that can help you avoid mishaps are the following.
Unfortunately, the mandatory equipment of vehicles with ABS brakes has very little time, therefore, there are millions of cars that circulate with conventional brakes.
These types of brakes can cause the car to spin out of control, as firm footing on the pedal is very likely to lock the wheels, causing the vehicle to skid. Consequently the steering of the car is lost.
To avoid this situation, the pressure exerted on the brake pedal must always be the same without reaching the bottom, so as to avoid locking the wheels. If despite this, they block, you have to raise the pressure exerted on the brake pedal a little, which would contribute not only to stop better but to be able to keep the direction of the car.
What happens when we step on the brake pedal properly is the decrease in the turning speed of the wheels, and these, with their adherence to the ground, will progressively stop the vehicle.
Straight: The braking cycle should begin with gentle applied pressure in the first few moments. This will allow the pistons and pads to sit properly in their housings and against the disc. Immediately, when the car has slowed down, we can increase the pressure to the maximum we think is necessary to stop the car, always avoiding the wheels to lock. At the end of braking, we can gently decrease the pressure on the pedal. If the car is standard, the logical thing is to accompany the braking with a reduction of speeds psts to brake with engine.
In a curve: Braking in a curve can cause the car to become unstable, so we must try not to do it in this situation. If there is still no choice, the ideal is to put the wheels straight and brake with the car balanced, and once the speed is reduced, turn again to take the curve. Otherwise, the inertia of the car can cause a skid capable of taking us off the road. To solve this situation, it is necessary to brake slightly and gradually decrease the pressure exerted on the pedal, so that the weight of the vehicle returns to the rear wheels and regain grip on that axis. We suggest in any case that you brake before taking a curve, while the car is straight.
In emergency situations, instinctive behavior makes us react by pressing the brakes hard until the wheels lock. When, for example, we suddenly see that we are heading directly into an obstacle, it is common to turn the steering wheel desperately to avoid it, but the wheels, being locked, do not obey the direction and the car will continue in a straight line. The only recourse we have left in this situation is to get the front wheels to turn again, for which we must slightly decrease the pressure on the pedal. In this way, the wheels will tend to move and will regain the turn and, therefore, sufficient steering capacity to avoid the obstacle to stop us in a safe place.
In these situations we must not release all the foot of the brake, because the car will advance again; For this reason, it is not correct to brake with brake blows, that is to say, braking and releasing several times in a row, since this way we considerably lengthen the braking. Although this is always better than staying with the wheels locked all the time.
There is something essential during an emergency braking: your gaze should never be directed towards the obstacle towards which you are heading, since our instinct for self-preservation will not let us loosen that little bit of brake that we need; rather, it will lead us to hit the brakes harder. Therefore, the view should be directed to the place where you want to take the vehicle.
But all these techniques are useless if we go too close to the car in front of us. Remember that what defines a good driver is not how well he does this type of braking, but the fact that he does not have to do it because:
Leave an adequate safety distance. Look far enough and anticipate the reactions of others. Because he applies defensive driving techniques.
Braking with ABS system:
ABS ensures that the vehicle’s braking system never blocks the wheels and therefore maintains stability and prevents skidding when braking sharply. In this way we always have the possibility of directing the car where we want. Unfortunately, this does not allow reducing the stopping distance, therefore, driving with a sufficient safety distance is a priority.
In normal braking, there are almost no differences between a car with or without ABS, but in emergency braking we must press the brake, and if the car is standard, simultaneously press the clutch with all our strength, until the car stops or Okay, end the emergency. Normally, when we press the brake hard we notice “pulsations” in the pedal and noises and vibrations that can scare us, but they are completely normal, so we should not reduce the braking pressure.
For the safety and effectiveness that the ABS system provides to the driver, we suggest that, if you are going to buy a used car, select one that has this type of brakes incorporated.