The six months of pandemic that changed the world.

The coronavirus continues to spread around the world, with nearly 30 million confirmed cases in 188 countries and a death toll rapidly approaching 1 million.

Six months after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared it a pandemic, the virus is on the rise in many countries, and some that were apparently successful in suppressing the initial outbreaks are also experiencing an increase in infections.

However, the number of confirmed cases during the March peak is likely an underestimate of the true level of infection, as massive testing was not available at the beginning of the year in many countries.

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Where are cases and deaths increasing?

Asia is the continent that currently records the largest number of cases confirmed daily.


India now has the second-highest number of confirmed cases in the world, behind the United States, and on Friday posted its highest daily figure of just under 100,000 cases.

The increase comes as the government continues to lift restrictions to try to boost the economy, but it is also a reflection of the increase in testing, as daily tests rose to more than a million a day in August.

Given the size of its population, India has a low death rate from covid-19. But more than 1,000 deaths were recorded on Friday – the death toll has exceeded 1,000 every day since the beginning of September.

In Latin America, Brazil has the highest number of deaths, with around 130,000. It has also registered more than four million cases, the third highest in the world.

Newly confirmed cases in the region are also increasing in Argentina, which now has more than half a million in total.


In the Middle East, Iran has been badly affected by the virus and documents leaked to the BBC’s Persian service suggest that the death toll there is more than double the official total of about 23,000. Its neighbor Iraq is also seeing an increase in cases.

The same is true in Indonesia, which also recorded almost 9,000 deaths, the highest number in Southeast Asia.

Africa has more than a million confirmed cases, although the true extent of the pandemic on the continent is unknown.

Testing rates are reported to be low, which could skew official estimates, but South Africa and Egypt showed the largest outbreaks on record so far.


Coronavirus cases on the rise again in Europe

Several European countries are registering a growing number of daily cases amid fears of a resurgence of the virus.

Hans Kluge, director general of the WHO European office, compared COVID-19 to a « long-tailed tornado » and warned that the increase in cases among young people could spread the disease to the elderly and vulnerable.


Various European countries local blockades re-imposed in its most affected regions and calls were renewed for people to wear masks and follow the rules of social distancing.


The pattern of rising infections following the end of quarantine restrictions is not limited to Europe.

Other countries experiencing a resurgence of the virus include Peru, Israel, South Korea and Australia, although after the re-imposition of stricter restrictions, most of these countries are now seeing cases drop again.


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Cases in the US slowed after the second increase

The United States has registered more than six million cases of coronavirus, almost a quarter of the world total.

The country saw an increase in the number of daily cases in July, but the numbers have fallen since then.

With nearly 200,000 deaths, The United States has the highest death toll in the world.


A projection from the University of Washington suggests there could be more than 400,000 deaths by the end of the year, although it says this could be reduced to 290,000 if 95% of Americans wear masks in public.

The outbreak has had a devastating impact on the US economy, with GDP falling at a record 33% rate in the three months from April to June.


How did the coronavirus spread?

The virus, which causes the respiratory infection covid-19, was first detected in the city of Wuhan, China, in late 2019.

The outbreak quickly spread around the world in the first months of 2020 and the WHO declared a global pandemic on March 11.


A pandemic is when an infectious disease is easily transmitted from person to person in many parts of the world at the same time.

Europe and North America saw their first major outbreaks in April, but when they began to decline, Latin America and Asia began to see an increase in cases.

Governments around the world were forced to limit public movement and close businesses and venues in a bid to slow the spread of the virus. This has had a devastating impact on the world economy.

The International Monetary Fund said the world is in the midst of the worst recession since the Great Depression and warned that economic output could take two years to return to pre-pandemic levels.

The United Nations said that up to 265 million people could go hungry before the end of the year due to the impact of COVID-19.


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About this data

The data used on this page comes from a variety of sources. It includes figures compiled by Johns Hopkins University, data from the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control, national governments and health agencies, as well as data from the UN on populations.

When comparing figures from different countries, it is important to keep in mind that not all governments record coronavirus cases and deaths in the same way. This makes homogeneous comparisons between countries difficult.

Other factors to consider include: different population sizes, the size of a country’s elderly population, or whether a particular country has a large number of its population living in densely populated areas. Additionally, countries may be in different stages of the pandemic.

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