As usual every Thursday, Fernando Simón appeared before the media communication for assess the state of the pandemic in Spain. It also offered the numbers of infections and fatalities in our country due to the coronavirus.
The data of deaths with date of death in last seven days is 1,313, while the total death toll is 42,291, 252 more than Wednesday. As for PCR positives, this Thursday 16,233 infections have been added to the historical series, of which 6,915 have been dated in the last 24 hours. In total there are 1,541,574 infected in Spain. In addition, the Health data shows that the Cumulative incidence stands at 176.20 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in the last seven days.
As reported by Simon, “the incidence in recent 14 days is 436 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. It is going down, but it is still well above what is desired. Although the trend is favorable, we cannot trust ourselves. The goal is at least 60 cases. The positivity of the tests remains stabilized and decreasing progressively, we are at 12.1%. We are close to our maximum diagnostic capacity“.
Recommendations for Christmas
The physician confirmed that are preparing a document with a series of recommendations for Christmas: “A draft may be presented at the next Interterritorial Council. There are a number of specific aspects with Christmas that have to be regulated and find that they have no impact on transmission. We have christmas dinners of the company, family reunions massive people in nursing homes returning to homes relatives, returning students … All these aspects will meet the document, which are not applicable to other bridges. Not that more general restrictive measures have to be done. These Christmases will not be like those of other years; that doesn’t mean they’re worse. “
“The use of masks, hand washing and distance favors fewer cases of flu”
Asked about the incidence of flu and whether the mask has been a brake on its spread, he explained that “cwith the flu we have the same problem that everyone else has. Everybody surveillance systems do not work the same as other years. We have very few reported cases, probably less than the equivalent weeks in other years. The use of masks, hand washing and distance favors fewer cases. It is going to improve and make it one of the best in Europe, but in all countries we are the same“.
One of the big spots during the first wave were the residences and Simón was questioned about his current situation: “In a society where there are high levels of transmission, sooner or later they would have to affect the residences. A huge effort was made during the first wave. “
“As a result of last week’s peak, the data on residences sooner or later had to surface. The entry into the residences can be by various means: the inmates themselves, the family members or the workers. It can’t be avoided 100%. At the peak of the pandemic the fatality associated with people over 80 was around 23% of those infected, now at 8% “he added.
“In the first wave there was a huge impact on the affected residences, but proportionally, very few residences were affected. But those that were affected did it a lot. Numerically it is an important number, but the proportional impact is less than the first wave. There are several factors: a lot was learned in the first wave, we have more resources, we have less overloaded hospitals and the treatments are more effective for that. The raising awareness and learning for all is also allowing the management of these elderly and frail patients to be better“, emphasized the epidemiologist.
“These Christmases will not be like those of other years; that does not imply that they are worse”
The time of immunity
Asked about an American study that states that immunity can last for several years, he noted that “most likely does not have to be what really happens. We have experience with this disease for eight or nine months. There is always someone who has been infected and that immunity has been lost. In general, they are people who maintain immunity. We cannot ensure that it will last longer than the months that we have been. There is a high chance that immunity will last a long time, longer than we can guarantee so far, that is the time of validity of this new virus“.
Health already admits that transmission by aerosols is possible, as stressed by the director of CCAES, although “the problem is understanding what we know about aerosols. Inhalable and infected particles they can stay in the air much longer and at a greater distance of what has been said. We have to make sure we keep our distances, if they are two meters better than one and a half. We must guarantee a good use of the masks. It is not worth having it below the nose or in poor condition. Ventilation is important, is one of the few non-pharmacological measures that had been demonstrated to be effective before the pandemic. “