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#SeraLegal: where is Mexico in the fight for the legalization of abortion

The Federal Penal Code, this only contemplates negligent abuse, rape and the danger of death as non-punishable grounds.  (Photo: Cuartoscuro) The Federal Penal Code, this only contemplates negligent abuse, rape and the danger of death as non-punishable grounds. (Photo: Cuartoscuro)

The streets of Argentina were crowded with women despite the coronavirus pandemic that held thousands in detention. The reason is that the Senate is close to making the legal termination of pregnancy until week 14 a reality. A struggle that Mexican women also share.

Although abortion is legal in Mexico, their justifications have not yet been approved at the national level, so each state decides under what circumstances it may or may not be considered a crime.

Only Mexico City and the state of Oaxaca have approved the legal interruption of pregnancy up to 12 weeks gestation without an inherent condition to do so.

There are eight national causes for which a woman can have an abortion in Mexico. According to the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) these are:

1. When the continuation of pregnancy affects the health of women.

2. When pregnancy pone woman’s life at risk.

3. If the product has any severe congenital malformation.

4. If the pregnancy is a cause of artificial insemination against the will of the woman .

5. If the abortion was provoked recklessly, that is, by accident.

6. When the precarious economy of women worsens by continuing the pregnancy.

7. By free choice of the woman .

8. The violation, until now, is the only one of the causes that has been accepted by the 32 entities of the Republic as a justification for abortion.

The interruption of pregnancy is the fourth cause of death, while by age range it occupies the second place in adolescent death (Photo: Cuartoscuro) The interruption of pregnancy is the fourth cause of death, while by age range it occupies the second place in adolescent death (Photo: Cuartoscuro)

Places like Baja California, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Tamaulipas and Yucatán allow pregnancy only under a certain number of grounds.

As soon as to the Federal Penal Code, this only considers negligent abuse, rape and the danger of death as non-punishable grounds.

The states that contemplate six causes are Michoacán, Tlaxcala, Colima, Baja California Sur and Yucatán, Forbes magazine reported.

In Hidalgo, Morelos and Guerrero only five are considered; in Chihuahua, Coahuila, San Luis Potosí, Quintana Roo, Zacatecas, Jalisco, Puebla, the State of Mexico, Nayarit, Tamaulipas and Baja California there are four. Three in Chiapas, Sinaloa, Sonora, Durango, Nuevo León, Aguascalientes, Campeche and Tabasco.

Querétaro and Guanajuato only approve two of the grounds, which leaves them at the bottom of the list in the pro-abortion debate.

Places like Baja California, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Tamaulipas and Yucatán allow pregnancy only under a certain number of causes.  (Photo: Reuters) Places like Baja California, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Tamaulipas and Yucatán allow pregnancy only under a certain number of causes. (Photo: .)

In an interview Rebeca Ramos, director of the Information Group on Chosen Reproduction (GIRE), assured Página / 12 that “The strongest argument in the legal discussion in Mexico was social justice. We knew that women from economically well-off sectors accessed abortions clandestinely but in safe conditions, while poor women risked their lives to terminate a pregnancy ”.

As in Argentina, Mexican women have repeatedly taken to the streets to demand the legalization of abortion, since the clandestine practice turned the termination of pregnancy into the fourth cause of death, while by age range it ranks second in adolescent death, according to the Maternal Death Observatory.

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