Political gender violence grows in 2021 elections: cases

The electoral process in the country, in which the dispute of 15 governorships, started with more than 40 complaints of political violence based on gender in 11 states.

The National Electoral Institute reported that, from December to January, 21 people have already been sanctioned for breaching the guidelines in this matter.

On the list of those who have committed this crime are former mayors, municipal presidents and even state leaders of parties such as Brunette.

Last month, three municipal workers from Quintana Roo were sanctioned for disseminating in the 2019 elections flyers with sexual advertising to the detriment of the current local deputy of the BREAD, Atenie RicaldeThey are the director of Civil Protection in Isla Mujeres, Merced Ortiz Maya, and two of his collaborators, Ángel Antonio Ortiz Franco and Cristian Alberto Ojeda Chuc.

« Do you have 250 pesos and you want to have fun? I’m Paulet and I’m very hot waiting for you, full service, call me, » said the propaganda with the personal number of the official, as stated in the ordinary sanctioning procedure TEQROO / POS / 00S / 19.

gentleman It has not escaped cases like these. Just on February 7, the Special Prosecutor for Electoral Crimes of the Attorney General’s Office obtained the connection to the process of the former mayor of Zimapán, Erick Marte Rivera Villanueva, and the former Senior Officer of this municipality, Humberto Casas Rojo, for political violence against women because of gender.

The origin of this process, in which Xavier López Jiménez, former municipal treasurer is also noted, dates back to May 2020, when Rivera Villanueva he denied the use of the floor In a council session one of the councilors and municipal officials withheld the payment of her allowance.

In Baja California Sur, currently there is also a complaint of political gender violence, the State Electoral Court determined on February 15 that the state leader of Brunette, Alberto Renteria, must pay a fine of more than 8 thousand pesos and offer an apology to the mayor of Los Cabos, Armida Castro Guzmán, for her statements that there were only competitive men to run in the election.

Renteria’s words caused the Women’s Collective of the 4T, asked the national leader of Morena, Mario Delgado and the National Commission of Honor and Justice his removal.

At Mexico state seven are valid complaints and at least five other cases have already been sanctioned, so the offenders will not be able to participate in the elections of local councilors and legislators on June 6.

The Mexican electoral institute reported that in the Subdirectorate of Complaints They have seven complaints so far in the electoral process. Just this week, the electoral Tribunal ordered the municipal president of Xonacatlan, Serafín Gutiérrez Morales, who provides the necessary material and human resources to Councilor Simei Jared Rincón and does not continue to violate her rights as a popular representative.

Both that court and the Toluca room they have credited at least four other cases. The longest and most famous was that of the trustee Yuritzi Jhosselin López Oropeza, from Jaltenco, who was denied the right to personnel and salary, and was silenced by the mayor when she spoke at the town hall because she opposed the sale of a municipal service.

On the way to the largest intermediate electoral process, the Office of the Special Prosecutor for Electoral Crimes New Lion revealed that they keep 15 active research folders per political gender violence, 10 of them have been registered so far in 2021.

The agency also issued two protection orders for women who, it considered, are at risk for having been verbally abused.

Two episodes of political violence by municipal presidents have been recorded in Jalisco. In one of them the protagonist was the mayor of Zapotlanejo, Héctor Álvarez, from Citizen movement, who was formally denounced by the councilor María del Refugio Camarena for interrupting her on different occasions when she criticized public security tasks.

Phrases like “Give me three pieces of information right now, give me three pieces of information; I can, I will give it to you right now ”, or“ she is very fast, see how she is, why is she so fast? ”Alvarez used when addressing his partner.

A second case of this type of violence occurred in Poncitlan, where the councilor of Brunette Liliana Verónica Lomelí Rodríguez denounced Mayor Luis Miguel Núñez, the Secretary General, Javier Zamora Reyes, and the councilor of the Edilicia Commission for Substantive Equality between Women and Men, Julia Carrillo Ulloa before the Electoral Institute of Citizen Participation for deny you resources for the work of the commissions he presides.

From December to January of this year, the National Registry of Persons Sanctioned in matters of Political Violence against Women on the basis of Gender of the INE documented 9 reports and sanctions in Veracruz.

The General Council of the Local Public Electoral Organization registered the municipal presidents of Alto Lucero, Javier Castillo Viveros, and of Altotonga, Ernesto Ruiz Flandez, in the local and national registries of persons sanctioned in this matter.

In compliance with the judgment issued by the Electoral Tribunal of Veracruz In files TEV-JDC45 / 2020 and TEV-JDC552 / 2020 it was determined that Castillo Viveros remains on that list for four years and Ruiz Flandez for six years.

One month after starting the electoral process in Baja California, four women reported being victims of political gender violence and another case was initiated ex officio by the Electoral Prosecutor of the entity.

The municipality of Cove tops the list of indictments with three processes, while there is one in Tijuana and another in Mexicali. The file of the latter municipality, according to the electoral prosecutor, Carlos Barboza Castillo, began ex officio and it is a publication on social networks, where a woman reviles a candidate.

In Tamaulipas There is a complaint to the detriment of the local deputy Gloria Ivett Bermea Vázquez, and although the electoral authority did not reveal the reasons because it is an ongoing investigation, it is known that the case involves a substitute councilor of the fourth electoral district with head in Matamoros.

Allegations of assaulting his own wife have tainted the aspirations for governor of Michoacan, of Senator Cristóbal Arias Solís, promoted by the party Mexico Force. His possible appointment has drawn harsh criticism from at least 20 feminist groups.

The trustees Angelina Valenzuela Benites, from Ahome, and Elsa Isela Bojórquez Mascareño, from Mazatlan, are victims of political gender violence by mayors Guillermo Chapman Moreno and Luis Guillermo Benítez Torres, thus recognized by the State Electoral Tribunal of Sinaloa in different sentences.

Gamaliel Ochoa, a member of the PRD in Durango, sounds like one of those to be included in the multi-member list at the Chamber of DeputiesHowever, feminist groups denounce that he is impeded by a legal cause for gender violence.

In response, the PRD ensures that the legal process is suspended and that the only way to disqualify him as a candidate would be to have a sentence issued.

The pointer

Although in July 2020 the Puebla Congress unanimously approved reforms to recognize political gender violence in the Law on access to women to a life free of violence, various officials have denounced having been victims of this crime.

One of the most serious cases was the femicide of Juana Iraís Maldonado Infante, a candidate for a local deputation for district 9 for the Ecologist Green Party, in 2018. The situation is not isolated, since the study of the National Commission for Human Rights on balanced political participation places Puebla at the top of cases of political gender violence during the 2017-2018 electoral process, with 15 cases.

Recently, the mayor of Puebla, Claudia Rivera Vivanco, denounced that he has been the target of threats from political gender violence, calumnies and unfounded disqualifications.

In 2020, the deputy Hector Alonsor was expelled from Citizen movement, after silencing her counterpart in the local Congress, Nora Yéssica Merino Escamilla, whom she also called a « little girl » in a session of the Puebla Congress on June 4.

Earlier, in March 2019, the State Electoral Court publicly admonished José Juan Espinosa Torres, deputy of the PT for committing political gender violence against Laura Villegas, representative of the PRI before him State Electoral Institute.

With information from Mariana Ríos, Jocelyn Estrada, Margarita Rojas, Elvia García, Claudia Hidalgo, Manuel Baeza, Liberto Ureña, Kevin Rocío, Fanny Martínez, Isabel Zamudio, Gilberto Lastra, Esmeralda Sánchez.