Perseverance is hours away from reaching Mars

The arrival of the Perseverance robot to Mars this Thursday will be another milestone for the space agency NASA, which for the first time will broadcast a planetary landing in Spanish

| 02/18/2021 | ionicons-v5-c11: 42 | . |

Miami.- The long and lonely journey in space that he Perseverance started seven months ago is 99.9% and within hours of completion, reported the POT, which expects the ship to cross the thin martian atmosphere and touch down on the jezero crater.

At around 3.55 p.m. EDT (20.55 GMT), the six-wheeler will have descended on the Red planet after overcoming what scientists from the space agency POT call « seven minutes of danger », time in which the Perseverance will make its entrance, descent and landing in martian soil.

The Perseverance will enter the atmosphere of Mars at a speed of more than 12,000 miles per hour (more than 19,000 km / h) and must reduce speed in those 7 minutes to descend successfully, minutes in which the « rover » will separate from the ship that transported it and will deploy a « supersonic parachute ».

« At the time of landing, Mars it will be 127 million miles (204 million kilometers) from Earth, « the space agency recalled Thursday in a blog post dedicated to this mission.

After traveling more than 291 million miles (468 million kilometers) since July 30 last year took off from the Kennedy Space Center of Florida, and after 11 minutes and 22 seconds, the time it will take for the signal from the Perseverance, the control tower at the Propulsion Laboratory of the POT (JPL) in California will know if the descent has been successful.

This 6-wheeler, about 3 meters long and 2,260 pounds (1,025 kilograms), will search in Mars signs of past microbial life and will collect select rock and sediment samples for future shipment to Earth.

The probe will perform landing in a « dangerous » area: the jezero crater, which is believed to be the bed of a lake and therefore would be rich in fossil microorganisms.

Load two microphones, which for the first time will pick up the sound of Mars, and a skeletal four-legged, less than 2-kilogram helicopter known as the Ingenuity Mars, which will attempt to carry out the first powered, controlled flight on another planet.

The Perseverance characterize the geology and climate of MarsTo this end, he carries drills that will pierce the stones to extract some thirty samples from tubes the size of cigars, of which he hopes to be able to take several back to Earth.

It will also pave the way for future human exploration beyond the Moon.

If the landing, will be the fifth « rover » of the POT on Martian soil after Pathfinder (1996), Spirit and Opportunity (2004) and Curiosity (2012), the latter still in Mars though you won’t meet him Perseverance.

A landing planetary for the first time in spanish

The POT will broadcast « Together we persevere, » a program that will give viewers a detailed view of the mission to Mars and will highlight the role that Hispanic professionals in POT have had in it.

The program, which will air at 2:30 p.m. ET on the agency’s website and on its social media accounts in Spanish: Twitter, Facebook and YouTube, will begin approximately an hour and a half before the robot is expected to arrive. to the surface of the call Red planet.

« I am very proud of the efforts of the POT to better share the emotion of landing of the rover Perseverance with the almost 500 million Spanish speakers in the world, « said Bhayva Lal, acting chief of staff of the US space agency, in a statement.

The first program in Spanish of the POT for a landing on another planet will show the diversity of the team POT working on the Mars 2021 mission.

« Together we persevere », which will be presented by the engineer of Perseverance Diana Trujillo, will include interviews with Hispanic scientists, engineers and astronauts from the POT.

Prominent Hispanic figures from the worlds of entertainment, journalism and politics will also send messages of support.

One of them will be the Colombian singer-songwriter Juanes, who celebrated the « contributions that so many Latinos have made to the effort » of the POT to complete the mission, which departed from Cape Canaveral, in Florida, about seven months ago.

« Excited to be able to witness in life one of the greatest achievements of humanity and that will also help bring us closer to the Red planet as species, thus expanding our knowledge and awareness, « said the Colombian in a statement.

The rover Perseverance, which was launched on July 30, 2020, will search for signs of past microbial life, collecting select rock and sediment samples for future shipment to Earth.

Characterize the geology and climate of Mars and it will pave the way for future human exploration beyond the Moon.

Perseverance it also carries a technology experiment, the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter, which will attempt to carry out the first powered, controlled flight on another planet.

If the landing, it would be the fifth spacecraft of the POT in martian soil from Sojourner (1997), Spirit and Opportunity (2004), and Curiosity (2012).