China’s Sichuan province reported this week fifty boys and girls with the new norovirus.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) characterized the new epidemic outbreak as a inflammation of the stomach or intestines causing acute gastroenteritis.
« Contagion, which can produce vomiting and diarrheaIt most seriously affects young children and the elderly, « the CDC detailed.
Norovirus has the ability to spread very easily. Contagion can occur by consuming contaminated products, touching surfaces that are affected or having contact with a person with the strain.
« A single particle out of the billions that is released when you get sick from the virus can cause disease in anyone »local authorities warned.
Norovirus: What are the symptoms
Main norovirus symptoms They are diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and stomach pain, although they can also be accompanied by fever or headaches and body aches, which could lead to dehydration in the patient.
Since Center for Disease Control and Prevention they alerted that « there is no specific drug yet » to cope with the infection, so they recommended « drink plenty of fluids to replace losses caused by vomiting or diarrhea. »
Norovirus: How to Prevent It
To prevent the spread of norovirus, the CDC recommends measures similar to those used to slow the spread of the coronavirus:
Wash hands often and clean or disinfect surfaces with which a person who has overt symptoms of the disease has been in contact.
Wash raw foods like fruits and vegetables with water and bleach.
Boil the water you use to drink and prepare food.
Make sure food is well cooked.
Avoid contact between fruit and cooked foods.
Serve and consume food immediately after cooking.
Store leftover food well or refrigerate it.
Before eating stored food, heat it well.
Keep food covered, out of the reach of cockroach flies, rats and other animals.
Wash kitchen utensils and disinfect all surfaces with bleach.
Norovirus in Latin America: Background in Guatemala
In February 2016, several families in zone 15 of the City of Guatemala were diagnosed with norovirus, after having suffered serious gastrointestinal diseases.
After analyzing 14 proculture samples and stool examinations, the Center for Disease Control of the Universidad del Valle (Uvg) in support of the National Health Laboratory, concluded that 12 samples (86%) contained norovirus, being the main cause of intestinal problems of the residents.