Miguel Moreno Tripp Source: Courtesy
The General Law of Commercial Companies, published in August 1934 (updated to 2018), recognizes seven types of commercial companies: Society in collective name; Simple limited partnership; Limited liability company; Anonymous society; Limited partnership by shares; Cooperative Society, and Simplified Stock Company. In addition, in the Securities Market Law there are SAPI, SAPIB and SAB, the latter being the companies that are listed on the stock market.
The Cooperative Society It has its own General Law of Cooperative Societies published in August 1994 and indicates that they must observe principles such as freedom of association and voluntary withdrawal of members, have a democratic administration, promote cooperative education and education in the solidarity economy; respect the individual right of members to belong to any political party or religious association and promote an ecological culture. Only one vote per member is recognized, regardless of the contributions they have made.
There are cooperative societies of consumers of goods and / or services, savings and loans and producers of goods and / or services. The latter are those whose members associate to work together in the production of goods and / or services, contributing their personal, physical or intellectual work. Their returns are distributed according to the work contributed by each partner, which is evaluated based on quality, time, technical and school level; They will only be able to count on salaried personnel in extraordinary or unforeseen circumstances, for specific works, occasional jobs, for the temporary replacement of a partner for up to six months or due to the need for specialized personnel.
In New Zealand, According to Forbes, cooperatives “Generate 20% of GDP to be 62 places above Mexico in the Human Development Index (HDI) with less population than Guanajuato ”. In September 2020, the Secretary of the Commission for Social Economy and the Promotion of Cooperativism of the Chamber of Deputies, declared that “Cooperativism will be the initiative that will protect our economy and national security, as well as the economic protection of the Mexican worker.”
The CONEVAL released the Labor Poverty Trend Index (ITLP) at the end of 2020: “Real labor income decreased 2.5% between the fourth quarter of 2019 and that of 2020 … increased working poverty (population with labor income lower than the value of the food basket) from 37.3% to 40.7% … [por una] 2.5% annual decrease in real labor income and increase in extreme poverty due to income (value of the food basket) ”. The increase in working poverty occurred in 24 states, with Quintana Roo standing out: increase of 14.7%; Tabasco and Mexico City with 10.4% and Baja California Sur with 9.1%. In addition, there were decreases in the employed population with access to health services as a job benefit.
Dr. Siller from Banco Base, in a tweet published that “the number of people who cannot buy a basic food basket with their income rose by 4.7 million people” and the most chilling thing: “As of December 2020, there were 52.7 million people who with their work income could not buy a food basket ”. Basically half the population.
The cooperative mechanism is available which, although it is nothing new, can be a way out of this general situation in the country but which are individual human tragedies. The left say that the workers do not need the bosses: go! Get to work and stop making speeches. Public policies are not working, but, regardless of ineffective governments, what do we need to react as Mexicans? Like human beings?
This is an opinion column. The expressions used here are the sole responsibility of the person signing them and do not necessarily reflect the editorial position of El Financiero.