Almost half a million Cuban children will be vaccinated starting today with an oral dose against polio, as part of an annual campaign to prevent the disease, eradicated on the island since 1962, reported the Ministry of Public Health (Minsap).
The Minsap detailed in its report that this week around 330,000 children under three years of age will be vaccinated in the Caribbean country with a first dose, while 124,288 nine-year-old infants will receive a reactivation of the drug.
Immunization will be carried out under strict sanitary protection measures due to the new disease pandemic. Coronavirus (COVID-19), with actions that include the enabling of new Vaccination in conjunction with polyclinics to avoid crowds.
Poliomyelitis is a disease caused by poliovirus that causes acute flaccid paralysis with marked motor disability in children.
In the last 60 years, the Cuban health system has managed to eliminate tetanus, meningitis due to « Haemophilus influenzae » type B, typhoid fever and meningococcal disease, conditions that have ceased to constitute a health problem on the island, by having rates lower than 0.1 per 100,000 inhabitants.
Other diseases such as hepatitis B have also markedly reduced their morbidity and mortality in this period.
Before 1959, the year of the triumph of the revolution led by Fidel Castro, yellow fever and smallpox had been eliminated.
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