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How did a robot weighing more than a thousand kilograms manage to travel into space and what will its difficult landing be like?

NASA brings a new rover to the surface of Mars.

In a matter of minutes the POT You will complete the first part of one of your most ambitious space missions ever. The Perseverance reaches the orbit of Mars and will try to land its instruments on the red planet. The project began decades ago and began to materialize on July 30. Then, seven months later he will live his most complicated moment.

Live transmission, on the different platforms of the POT It already started. In case you want to be part of it, enter this link. There you have several options in English and Spanish.

This NASA project, the flag of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) breaks new barriers in the world of science. First, Perseverance carries Ingenuity. This is a small drone or helicopter that will fly the skies of Mars. It will be the first flying vehicle to explore another planet.

In addition, one of the main missions is the integration of its X-ray spectrometer. An instrument with which they try to determine if life existed in the very distant past, inside Mars.

Perseverance and its long way to Mars

Since its departure from the NASA base at Cape Canaveral, the space probe has traveled about 480 million kilometers. It was a thousand kilogram transport that served as an experiment for future manned missions.

However, the most difficult thing will happen this Thursday: his landing. Perseverance will enter the atmosphere of Mars at a speed of 20,000 km / h. It has a heat shield that will protect it from the heat and at the same time sends the signal for the parachute to deploy, explains France24.

Then it will take off from the parachute and with the help of eight engines distributed on its sides, it will descend to touch the surface. Once it is on the ground it will unfold its wheels to begin navigating the grounds of its new home.

If this part of the mission is successful, scientists will immediately be able to receive the first visuals from the device’s cameras. Finally, the drone will also be tested, to certify that the instruments are optimal.