MADRID, 14 (EUROPA PRESS)

Dr. Jordi Suros Romagós, a specialist in Physical Education and Sports Medicine and director of Sportcat Girona, has addressed the different reasons why injuries related to sports practices have increased after the months of confinement imposed by the crisis of the COVID-19.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), musculoskeletal disorders are the leading cause of disability and low back pain is the most common cause of disability in the world. Although its prevalence varies depending on age and diagnosis, between 20 and 33 percent of people have a musculoskeletal disorder that causes pain.

According to a report from the National Health System (SNS) published in 2019, low back pain is the second health problem, representing 18.5 percent of the affected population. Thus, back pain becomes one of the most frequent consultations in Primary Care.

Pain is a symptom that indicates that something in the body is not working properly, and experts do not urge to wait until it is too strong to take measures to counteract it. So that the pain does not become chronic, it is important to treat muscle and joint pain just when it appears. « Sports-related injuries should not be neglected, » the expert reflected.

In this sense, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen are the most effective pharmacological treatment to combat occasional pain and muscle inflammation of mild or moderate intensity, due to its dual analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Beyond drug treatment, and depending on the type of pain or injury, the doctor may recommend rest, ice, immobilization, compression, elevation, or the use of splints. In case the pain is more intense, it is important to consult with the doctor.

These figures are especially important if one takes into account that physical exercise increased by 88 percent during confinement in the world, according to the ‘RunRepeat’ study. Thus, the expert reflects that after the home confinement imposed by the Government during the state of alarm, many people have increased their sports practice « uncontrollably », many times in small spaces, with inappropriate materials and without the supervision of professionals.

On the other hand, another part of the population has succumbed to a sedentary lifestyle due to the impossibility of leaving home for a long period of time. In this way, the return to normality has had a direct impact on the muscular and joint system, either derived from the injuries generated during sports practice in confinement or derived from the reactivation of the body after months without activity.

« In addition, people who did not have a sports habit, if they have had an intensity without a progression, the musculature, already bad in an unfamiliar person, there have been many contractures and fibrillar injuries », explains the expert.

FACTORS INVOLVED AND WHAT NOT TO DO TO AVOID INJURIES

Dr. Suros has listed some of the factors involved in this increase in injuries. « In the first place, it is not the same at different ages. In a person between 20 and 30 years old, his morphology and type of musculature is different, he is more lax and logically he adapts much more », he has detailed.

Likewise, he has indicated that diet is another reason that could explain this increase in injuries. « People who have abused fat, who have not eaten a balanced diet, their bodies have not helped either. It is easy that they could have had injuries, » he argued.

Finally, he highlighted that many people have started to practice sports as a relief after so many months ‘locked up’ at home. « In a person who has not been very active during confinement, this also causes the muscles to be very retracted, especially in the back of the body. This has made it easier to have a lot of low back pain, for example, » he said.

In this sense, he regrets that, in many people, there has been « an urgent need to go out for a run », but that « they have not realized that it is important to warm up and stretch ». « Directly they have gone out into the street. When you go out without any type of control to run is when the muscular problems really appear, the overloads in the back, knee injuries … », has added.