The lockdown lived during the spring months due to the Covid-19 pandemic, had several effects on children and adolescents and although to date there has been talk of a increased cases of anxiety, a new study of the Hospital Bambino Gesù, found that school stress decreased and headaches improved in children and adolescents.
Coronavirus: Headache in children improved during confinement
In particular, The research analyzed 700 children with headaches, in collaboration with 9 Italian centers dedicated to this disease.
What was revealed from the study was that school anxiety was reduced this being the main cause of improvement during the study. The results were published in the journal Cephalalgia of the International Headache Society.
The lockdown, that in Spain occurred between March and June, led to all the schools (Among many other things) would end up closing and although a priori it could be thought that children had greater stress By following the classes online, it seems that the study now carried out on 700 families has revealed that the cases of Children suffering from headaches (pediatric headaches) improved, due to a decrease in the school tension .
Headache is a very common pathology in both adults and children, especially in those of school age, of which There are two types, with completely different evolution and therapeutic implications.
Primary headaches (migraines, tension headaches, cluster headaches) are neurological diseases linked to a genetic predisposition, responsible for most of the headaches charged by the child, especially those in which episodes of the disorder tend to recur.
In secondary headaches, the headache is instead the symptom of a different disease, which must be identified and treated.
The study of the Hospital Bambino Gesú
Coordinated by a team of pediatric neurologists and psychologists from the Child Jesus Headache Center, the study had the collaboration of other Italian centers: the University of Padua, the University of L’Aquila, the University of Insubria in Varese, the Sant’Andrea Hospital in Rome, the Department of Child Neuropsychiatry in Via dei Sabelli in Rome , the Instituto Besta in Milan, the Hospital San Paolo in Bari and the Hospital Cívico in Palermo.
In particular, research It had the participation of 707 families with children and adolescents between 5 and 18 years old with a diagnosis of primary headache (migraine and tension headache).
Both parents and children were asked to complete a questionnaire anonymously to explore the progress of the headache before and after confinement.
They wondered by the characteristics of the disease, therefore, the frequency and intensity of the attacks. But also the therapies followed, the medications taken, mood changes, lifestyles and school activity to evaluate the impact of these factors on the headache.
What emerged from the data analysis was that there was a significant improvement in headache for 46% of children and adolescents, a worsening for 15% and no notable change for 39%.
The study found that in the first group the frequency of monthly attacks decreased by an average of 28% (7 to 5 episodes per month). With decreases of up to 40% among children with the most severe forms of headache (15 to 9 attacks per month).