Google has announced a new submarine cable, Grace Hopper, which will spread between the United States, United Kingdom and Spain, and will provide greater support for the network that houses the company’s business and consumer products.

Submarine cables make up a vast network that crosses the ocean to send and receive information around the world “at the speed of light”. Currently, 98 percent of international Internet traffic flows through these cables.

Once it is operational, GRace Hopper will be one of the first new cables to connect the United States and the United Kingdom since 2003, which will increase global capacity and boost Google services such as Meet, Gmail and Google Cloud.

It also involves Google’s first investment in a submarine cable route to Spain, which in this case will arrive in Bilbao, which further integrates the next Google Cloud region in Madrid into the global infrastructure.

Grace Hopper cable will be equipped with 16 pairs of fibers (32 fibers), representing a significant upgrade to the Internet infrastructure that currently connects the United States and Europe. The project is expected to be completed in 2022, as Google Global Network Vice President Bikash Koley reports in a statement sent to Europa Press.

Grace Hopper will also be “the world’s first submarine cable” to use fiber optic switching technology, which improves the reliability of global communications, allowing better movement of traffic in the event of outages.

This cable is named after computer pioneer Grace Brewster Murray Hopper (1906-1992), known for her work on one of the early linkers (compilers), which was instrumental in the development of the COBOL programming language. She is also credited with having found a real “bug” in a program; her team traced the source of a short circuit in the Harvard Mark II computer to a moth trapped in a panel.