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Donations of plasma against the coronavirus: requirements, who can donate and how to do it

Plasma transfusion has proven to be quite effective in the fight against the coronavirus. It is a component of the blood shit with the antibodies of those people who managed to overcome the virus, so many have wondered what are the requirements to be plasma donors and help fight this pandemic. However, not everyone can become a donor since a series of essential parameters must be met to guarantee the safety of different patients.

Basic requirements to be a donor:

– People of legal age and up to 65 years.

– All donors must weigh at least 50kg.

– People who do not have tattoos.

– Those who have not been diagnosed with any disease that can be transmitted through blood: AIDS, malaria, hepatitis or tumors.

– People who have participated in risky sex in their history cannot participate.

– In Spain it is also prohibited to donate to those who have received transfusions.

In addition to these basic requirements, people who want to donate plasma will have to submit a test that confirms the diagnosis of COVID-19, regardless of whether it is a PCR, antigens or serological. In addition, a month must have passed since the medical discharge was received after passing the coronavirus. Mothers or women with a pregnancy history also could not be donors (they develop anti-neutrophil and HLA antibodies that could be dangerous, and even fatal, for recipients).

How can I donate?

It is not much different from a normal blood donation. All you have to do is go to your health center or blood bank. The donor will first be interviewed to establish medical history. Once passed the test and qualified as suitable for donation, the extraction will proceed, known under the name of apheresis by which the blood passes through a circuit where the plasma is released. The rest of the blood components are immediately returned to the circulatory system.

For all those patients who have overcome the coronavirus and reside in Madrid, to participate, they must send an email to donarplasma@salud.madrid.org. In addition, they would have to include, alongside essential personal information, a contact telephone number.