Do you know how iron ore is obtained?

Where you turn your gaze, you are likely to see some steel, an alloy for which getting its basic raw material, iron, involves a lot of work.

The cutlery, the refrigerator, the pots, the washing machine, the lamp, the iron … All these items at home — and many others — have something in common: they’re done, at least in part, of steel.

The process for obtaining iron is similar to what nature performs. How does this happen? In the rainy season, the torrents wet the material, loosen it little by little and make it roll and descend through the gullies and slopes until it reaches the river, where it turns and turns, wearing down the mineral until it becomes a fine powder that continues to travel. many kilometers, until reaching the sea. There the waves mix it with the sand and the combination returns again and again to the beaches.

In Mexico, the mountains that make up the Iron basin cover the states of Jalisco, Michoacán and Colima. It is in the latter, in the municipality of Minatitlán, where Peña Colorada is located, a Mexican company with 45 years of experience in the exploration, exploitation and benefit of iron ore, which supplies the 30% that Mexico needs.

A thorough process


Through a meticulous process, this Mexican company seeks transform nature in balance with the planet, for the benefit of humanity, from its extraction to the final product, which is the iron ore pellet, which is an agglomerate in the shape of a sphere, industrially produced with suitable characteristics to be used as a basic raw material for the production of steel , which is the most recycled material in the world and a fundamental basis for development and to provide well-being to people.

It’s not just about find the right terrain, but to manage the corresponding permits to work on it, make sure that the mineral meets the necessary characteristics and develop the sustainability project. Later, to rescue all the flora and fauna that inhabit the place, in addition to removing the trees for their final reforestation.

What is the procedure?

Once the land is conditioned, the material is extracted, crushed, separated magnetically and with the use of recycled water – from which it is reused recover 65%-, to finally obtain a pulp that is transported by a 45-kilometer railroad to Manzanillo, to the pelletizing plant.

The mineral pulp It is mixed with organic binder additive, rolled at a 48 degree incline to naturally form balls, and hardened in an oven at 1,300 ° C. Already formed, 50% is transferred by rail to Puebla and Monterrey, and the remaining 50%, by sea to the port of Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán.

Nature taught man how to obtain iron, but innovating in each of the processes is still a constant.

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