The term “lockdown”, chosen by the Fundación del Español Urgente (Fundéu), the . Agency and the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) as word of the year 2020, returns to the fore in 2021. The third waveseems to have arrived in Spain after Christmas, with an accumulated incidence during the last 14 days that has shot up to 454.22 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Therefore, experts raise the need to establish a new home confinement.
In recent days, the Castellón Medical Association (COMCAS) has recommended to the regional government to establish this measure throughout the community. The school has highlighted the spikes in patients with symptoms of COVID-19 continue to grow and Primary Care centers and hospital emergencies collapse, “To the point that they have had to unschedule appointments for patients with non-Covid pathologies, something that will increase consultations in health centers, already saturated ”. However, Ximo Puig, president of the Generalitat rules out, for the moment, confinement, which would be “the last possible space”Because it also has “Negative consequences on health”. In this sense, it ensures that there is scope to adopt other measures beforehand.
He too College of Physicians of the Region of Murcia has requested the Central Executive to activate the necessary procedures to implement a home confinement of at least two weeks, “extendable depending on the evolution of the pandemic ”, he asks in a statement. “Although the College understands that home confinement entails a unwanted disenfranchisement by any citizen or institution, the serious epidemiological reality in the Region and the borderline situation of regional Health to face this wave of the pandemic they require effective decision-making to stop the spread of the virus, ”argue the Murcian doctors.
Already on January 5, the Castilla and leon meeting, recommended by its committee of experts on the pandemic, announced that it would request a “short, but effective” insulation to slow down the transmission. “Sometimes it is better to do a strict 14-day confinement and stop it rather than apply intermediate measures ”, announced Verónica Casado, Regional Minister of Health for the region. But the central government rejected this request.
Confinement like March
Some epidemiologists even consider that the so short confinement that is proposed is insufficient and they believe it necessary to extend it. It is the case of Carlos Pereira, professor of virology and epidemiology at the University of Santiago de Compostela. In an interview with Nius, the expert advocated a two month confinement, as happened in the previous one, which lasted from March 15 to June 21, but with stricter de-escalation measures: “The mistake we made was to open the hand completely after that quarantine that was done then. Control has to be maintained. So what do you have to do? You have to make a confinement of the real ones and, later, very strict controls during de-escalation to avoid the spread of the virus ”.
Call for citizen responsibility
The autonomous communities do not have competence to decree confinements, it has to be a decision of the central government. Therefore, given the existing refusal to implement this measure, the regional authorities ask the population to confine themselves. The day of Kings, Castile and Leon requested its citizens a “Smart confinement”, consisting of act as if confinement is really decreed.
Along the same lines, the college of Murcian doctors asks citizens to stay home as long as possible, “Avoiding as much as possible social interactions and scrupulously complying with contagion prevention measures”, and strictly comply with quarantines. “The situation is very serious and we have to be aware that the fight against the virus implies the effort and commitment of all to avoid more victims, suffering and sanitary collapse”, they sentence.
Meanwhile, in the Valencian Community, COMCAS asks citizens “to reflect, to make a individual exercise of responsibility to go from home to work and back home, minimizing social activity and continuing to maintain the habit of frequent hand washing, keep the distance of two meters and use the mask correctly in any space ”.
Some European countries have resorted to confinement
Despite the fear that this measure arouses due to the serious impact that it can have on the economy, many European countries have had to resort to confinement to contain the notable increase in infections they are experiencing. The last nation to do so has been Portugal. Prime Minister António Costa announced Tuesday that he will apply a cgeneral onfinement for at least one month, and not 15 days as had been considered before.
As well Germany returned to confinement before Christmas. In addition, this Monday he tightened the measures closing schools, culture, gastronomy and non-essential shops until the end of January, at least. As for citizens, they have a maximum radius of 15 kilometers to move. Italy, instead, already has begun to soften its measurements, but it also comes from a harsh isolation that was imposed throughout the Christmas season.
For his part UK, He also had to resort to confinement on January 4 after the situation worsened notably in the country as a result of the new strain that arose there, much more contagious.