Health has published this Monday data about the evolution of the pandemic that, due to the new outbreaks, continues to add infections in the ascending line. The coronavirus is being the main protagonist of the year 2020. Since its appearance in China, in November 2019, it has shown its high rate of infections and arrived a little more than four months ago in Europe, being Russia, the United Kingdom and Spain are the three countries most affected by a highly contagious virus that has gone from an epidemic to a pandemic as recognized by the WHO.
The data of deaths with date of death in the last seven days is 1,082, while the total death toll is 41,253, 484 more than on Friday, last day of update. Regarding the positive by PCR, this Monday 38,273 infections have been added to the historical series, of which 3,321 have been dated in the last 24 hours. In total are 1,496,864 infected in Spain. In addition, the Health data shows that the Cumulative incidence stands at 200 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in the last seven days. The figures for this weekend represent a change in trend compared to the past, when 52,386 infections were reported.
The Basque Country is the community with the most new positives in the last 24 hours, 713, ahead of Galicia, with 501, while Catalonia adds 359, Andalusia 303, Aragon 266 and Madrid 247. The data in Spain continue to rise, outbreaks continue to emerge throughout the country and infections could once again get out of control.
What is the peak of infections?
It is one of the key concepts and the most repeated phrases throughout these days. When the peak of infections is reached, the efforts to end the virus will intensify and that light will be seen at the end of the tunnel. One of the positives is that Spain has as references China and Italy, the two countries that suffered the COVID-19 hit before.
The first case of coronavirus in the world dates from November 17, 2019 and it was a 55-year-old man living in Wuhan (Hubei), patient zero. From that date, China took 116 days to reach the peak. A peak that reached on March 12, that is, almost four months later. The United States is the country with the highest number of infected and deceased in the world. It already has more than 11.3 million cases and more than 251,000 deaths. India, with more than 8.8 million infectedIt is the second country with the most infected, to which more than 130,000 deaths are added. Brazil, for its part, is the third country with the most infections in the world, with more than 5.8 million positives. In addition, there are more than 165,000 deaths.
What is the epidemiological curve?
Without a doubt, this is another of the key concepts of the disease. The epidemiological curve is a graphic representation that gives information about the pattern of the pandemic and through it its evolution can be observed. It measures the number of cases (in this case of the coronavirus) during a certain number of time.
Fernando Simón, director of the Center for the Coordination of Health Alerts and Emergencies, explained it in a didactic way: “When we have an epidemic we wait for the cases to start and progressively affect the population. When the critical mass of the population disappears, we expect that curve to go down. The objective of early detection is to act at the beginning to avoid that the curve follows a pattern in which the cases do not increase so much and the peak is reached soon to be able to eliminate a large part of the epidemic. “
Actually, both the peak of infections and the epidemiological curve are directly related. The objective is that the line of that curve is not so vertical, but that it tends towards a flat mountain. When that curve sees its trend reversed, after marking its highest peak, that is when the peak of infections will have been reached. From there, the number of infections each day should begin to decline day after day.
Although currently, the coronavirus is advancing in Spain with a curve very similar to that of early March. Specifically, the week from 5 to 11 of that month, shortly before the state of alarm was decreed. The big difference is that New cases are being detected better and faster, allowing authorities to act sooner.
Cases in the autonomous communities of Spain
The most affected autonomous community it’s Madrid again, where there are already more infections confirmed by PCR (333,215) what in Catalonia (283,937). Madrid is also the community that registers more deaths (11,082). Catalonia, for its part, counts a total of 7,382 deaths. These regions are followed by Andalusia (200,550 positives and xxx deaths), Castilla y León (108,777 and 4,122), the Basque Country (87,101 and 2,245), and the Valencian Community (84,039 and 2,028), lag behind all of these, but add cases to a similar speed.