09/16/2020 Mural against the former president of Colombia Álvaro Uribe, which recalls his alleged involvement in the El Aro massacre, in the mid-1990s, a small town in Antioquia, while he was the governor of this department.
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DANIEL GARZON HERAZO / ZUMA PRESS / CONTACTOPHOTO

MADRID, 16 (EUROPA PRESS)

The Supreme Court of Colombia has sent three of the most notorious cases against former President Álvaro Uribe (2002-2010) to the Public Prosecutor’s Office on Tuesday, those that allegedly involve him in the massacres of San Roque and Ituango in 1996 and 1997 and in the murder of the human rights defender Jesús María Valle in 1998 at the hands of paramilitary forces.

All these crimes, which took place when Uribe was governor of the department of Antioquia, were in the hands of the Supreme Court since 2014 when the former president assumed the position of senator of the Democratic Center, although, after resigning on August 18 due to investigations in against him, the investigations return to the Prosecutor’s Office.

The Special Chamber of Instruction of the Supreme Court has explained that it has lost its powers to judge Uribe, since he resigned from his position as senator and, therefore, under his jurisdiction as a congressman, and therefore sends the said files.

The three cases that have been made available to the Prosecutor’s Office are those investigating three massacres in two municipalities in the department of Antioquia, when Uribe was governor. These are the collective murders that took place in San Roque and Ituango between 1996 and 1997.

According to the Supreme Court, the paramilitary groups have used as a « base of operations » one of the farms owned by the Uribe family for the massacre in San Roque, while Uribe’s alleged inaction in the murders and crimes of the townships of El is being investigated. Aro and La Granja, in Ituango, when he was governor of the department.

Finally, Uribe is also being investigated for his possible involvement in the murder of lawyer Jesús María Valle, a councilor for Ituango at the end of the 1990s, killed by paramilitary groups, after denouncing the activity of these extreme right-wing armed groups in the region.

A few days ago, the Colombian newspaper ‘El Espectador’ published an interview with Valle’s brother, Darío Valle Jaramillo, in which he was very disappointed with the possibility that this case would pass into the hands of the Prosecutor’s Office, since the person responsible, Francisco Barbosa, « is the government’s pocket prosecutor. »

« My confidence in this process under his responsibility is, mathematically speaking, minus zero, » he lamented, in line with other voices critical of this decision in Colombia, as they question the independence of the Prosecutor’s Office as it is in the hands of a close friend of the president , Iván Duque, who is in turn one of Uribe’s protégés, according to broad sectors of the country.

URIBE AND ITS LAWSUITS WITH THE JUSTICE

Uribe has more than fifty processes opened against him for various crimes, some of them related to alleged links with paramilitary squads.

The last one takes place when the former president himself initiates a process against the senator of the Democratic Pole, Iván Cepeda, whom he denounced for directing an alleged manipulation of witnesses to accuse him of links with paramilitaries.

However, the Supreme Court closed the investigation against Cepeda and the investigated became Uribe himself, since the testimonies of former paramilitaries that the progressive senator collected in some prisons accusing the former president were not the product of manipulation or payments.