Despite the statements of the past, all operators have complied with the roadmap that placed the turn on of 5G in 2020. Vodafone did so in June 2019, but the rest have put the batteries in recent weeks. They all have done it in the 3.5 GHz band, specially enabled for this technology. At the moment, the 700 MHz band is still awaiting auction since it is no longer used for DTT, something that will happen at the end of this month. Vodafone has 90 MHz in the 3.5 GHz band, Movistar has 90 MHz, Orange has 100 MHz and Yoigo 80 MHz.
In addition, all operators have opted for the 5G NSA (Non Standalone) that does not allow to operate autonomously in 5G networks, so it needs the support of 4G infrastructures. The 5G SA standard, which many consider to be the real 5G, was finalized in summer and will still take a few months to roll out. Of course, everything indicates that operators will be ready to make a rapid transition between technologies.
In the case of Movistar, the operator will also use the technology DSS (Dynamic Spectrum Sharing) to achieve coverage of 75% of the population by the end of 2020 including cities such as Madrid and Barcelona. This allows 5G to be offered in the 1800-2100MHz bands while maintaining 4G service on those frequencies. At the moment, the rest of the operators have not announced anything similar.
5G Movistar coverage
Movistar It offers coverage in 7 Spanish cities and promises to reach 75% of the population this year. In the absence of updating the coverage map of your website, we know that there is coverage in points of:
Madrid Barcelona Valencia Seville Malaga Zaragoza Murcia
5G Orange coverage
In the case of Orange, the French operator has activated it in 5 Spanish cities, promising to reach many more in the next few dates:
Madrid Barcelona Valencia Seville Malaga
In addition, it offers us specific details of the coverage and the updated map on its website:
Madrid: 5G coverage will be concentrated mainly inside the M-30, although there will be neighborhoods and districts outside that will also be able to enjoy 5G coverage: Hortaleza, Ciudad Lineal, San Blas, Puente de Vallecas, Aluche and Campamento. In Pozuelo de Alarcón, 5G coverage will also be available. Barcelona: coverage in the city will be concentrated mainly to the south of the Diagonal, although extending to some districts such as Gràcia, Clot, Sant Martí and the Meridiana area. 5G coverage will also be available in part of the Free Zone (Mercabarna). Valencia: 5G coverage will be present in a good part of the municipality, from Beniferri, Benimaclet and Benicalap to the north to the line that marks the V30 to the south. Seville: coverage will be mainly concentrated in the center (the interior of the old wall, providing coverage in areas on both banks of the Guadalquivir, both in Triana and Los Remedios and in the Old Town) as well as on the Isla de la Cartuja. Malaga: coverage in the city of Malaga will extend from the Malagueta beach to the Cádiz road along the coastline, covering the historic center of the city to Martiricos. Following the axis of Avenida de Andalucía, coverage will extend to the Teatinos campus.
5G Vodafone coverage
The British were the first to launch this technology in Spain with up to 1 Gbps speed and they continue to lead coverage with a total of 21 cities deployed:
Madrid Barcelona Zaragoza Valencia Malaga Seville Pamplona Vitoria San Sebastián Logroño Bilbao Santander Gijón A Coruña Vigo Benidorm Murcia Alicante Palma de Mallorca Valladolid Badajoz
Again, the operator offers us an updated 5G coverage map on its website.
5G Yoigo coverage
The last to join the party is Yoigo with the launch in 15 cities thanks to a combination of its own network, with the deployment of its own 5G antennas, with the agreement it has with Orange.
Alicante Alcobendas Almería Ávila Barcelona Hospitalet de Llobregat Huesca Jaén Madrid Málaga Melilla Orense Salamanca Seville Valencia
We can consult the coverage map on their website.