The U.S. citizenship offers the possibility of live and work in the United States permanently with inalienable rights. Once it is obtained, it cannot be removed without justification; you can only give it up.
A foreigner can obtain the United States citizenship through a process of naturalization, if you meet the requirements stipulated in the Immigration and Nationality Law. The process is long, but the benefits are immediate.
Benefits of American Citizenship
Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) lists some of the rights all citizens of the United States have. Take note.
1) You have the right to request a United States passport to travel without time restrictions. The Department of State will ask you for the N-550 form, your naturalization certificate, and a copy of your application. You must use it to enter and leave the country.
2) You have the right to vote and run for public office. As a citizen, you have a commitment to democracy and must register with the Electoral Assistance Commission (eac.gov). You can do it in person, by email or when you process or renew your driver’s license.
3) You can work in the government and serve on juries.
4) No one takes away your right to stay in the United States.
5) The salary in the United States is at least 11% higher than in Mexico.
6) You can request the citizenship for minor children. If one of your children under the age of 18 has permanent residence, they automatically acquire United States citizenship when you do. Get advice at your USCIS office to complete the procedure or at uscis.gov/howdoi.
7) You can apply for scholarships and government funds.
8) You work and live with legal status, without fear of deportation. 10 days after your naturalization ceremony you must show up at one of the offices of the Social Security (ssa.gov) to update your immigration status and data.
Authorities say it is important to do so because employers enter a person’s social security number into the E-Verify system to check if they are eligible to get a job in the United States.
9) Citizens of the United States may bring foreign relatives so that they reside in the country in a documented way with the help of a family visa and later a Green card.
Keep in mind that sponsoring a spouse and children takes months, but sponsoring a sibling can take more than 10 years.
But United States citizenship also comes with obligations. These are some of them.
Obligations that you acquire with citizenship
1) Support and defend the Constitution.
2) Participate in the democratic process.
3) Respect and obey the federal laws, state Y local.
4) Respect the rights, beliefs and opinions of others.
5) Participate in activities at the local level.
6) To pay the taxes honestly and promptly to federal, state and local authorities.
7) Serve on a jury when requested.
8) Defend the country if the need arises.
There are different ways to obtain the citizenship; for example: through a spouse, children, or service in the Armed Forces. However, those who have already completed 5 years as legal permanent residents can also initiate the process.