BOGOTÁ. The murders of social leaders in Colombia grew by 53% in the first quarter of 2020, in which forced displacement also increased by 5%, according to the report “Dynamics of the armed confrontation and its humanitarian and environmental impact” of the Foundation Ideas for Peace (FIP).

According to the study, 16 leaders were killed in January, 11 in February, 13 in March and nine in April for a total of 49, while in the first four months of 2019 there were 32.

The IFJ stated that “the most critical departments during the first four months of 2020 were Cauca (with 14 homicides), Putumayo (6) and Antioquia (5)”, three regions that have not yet seen the benefits of the peace agreement signed by the Government and the FARC guerilla in 2016.

The rest of the murders were perpetrated in Valle del Cauca (5), Norte de Santander and Huila (4), Chocó and Córdoba (3), and Magdalena, Cesar, Bolívar, Santander and Boyacá (1).

“As for the authorship, although 67% of those responsible for the killings are still unknown, groups such as the FARC dissent and the AGC (Self-Defense Forces of Colombia) began to have greater visibility in the attribution of the attacks “Added the information.


The FIP report points out that during the coronavirus pandemic emergency, which led the government to order a quarantine that began on March 25, the fighting by the public force against criminal groups “did not have significant variations”.

However, it highlights that “the actions of organized armed groups decreased”, although he warns that these criminal organizations “have ordered restrictions and reinforced isolation, arguing that they thus prevent the spread of the virus.”

“In other cases, the armed factions have increased their actions against the leaders and the communities,” adds the study, which mentions that during the quarantine there was a “decrease in homicides, with notable decreases, especially in April.”


The report indicates that “environmental problems linked to illegal mining, deforestation and attacks on pipelines continue; in some areas, they have even intensified. ”

Despite the fact that there are still no concrete figures on deforestation in the first four-month period, the IFJ warns that this phenomenon has not stopped and affects territories of the Amazon, Orinoquía, Chocó, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and Catatumbo (border with Venezuela), “all of them important enclaves of biodiversity”.

“The environmental authorities and control agencies have expressed their concern that those who are cutting down and cutting down forests take advantage of the health emergency,” he stressed.