President Andrés Manuel López Obrador reported that the implementation of the first stage of the New Labor Model has already been launched, which focuses on conciliation between workers and employers in order to resolve disagreements without resorting to a trial. According to the president, this will be done through a dialogue of both parties with the support of professional mediators.
Lopez Obrador described that the Conciliation and Arbitration Boards will close their doors in the states of the first stage of the reform, which correspond to Campeche, Chiapas, Durango, State of Mexico, San Luis Potosí, Tabasco, Zacatecas and Hidalgo, which only They will focus on completing pending issues.
With the reform they want to lay the foundations for a new employment relationship. Photo: Reforma
He also pointed out that this means putting into practice the labor reform that was approved the previous year. He also expressed that sometimes modifications are made to the constitution, however those changes do not apply, for that reason he highlighted their importance.
This notification was carried out in the Central Courtyard of the National Palace, where he pointed out that labor justice is envisaged through democratic mechanisms, seeking, based on the Constitution, to reach an agreement between both parties through dialogue.
He also detailed that in case of not obtaining an agreement within 45 days, both parties may go to the courts of the Judicial Power to resolve the disagreements through an oral trial in the presence of a judge and the procedures will be efficient, short and modern.
He emphasized that this change is structural because labor justice will depend on an independent court of the Judicial Power, maintaining a balance between the worker and the employer.
In this way, the Federal Center for Labor Conciliation and Registration, the State Conciliation Centers and the federal and local Labor Courts are already starting their operations, they will receive individual and collective matters.
The president mentioned that it will gradually be implemented throughout the country and that they will lay the foundations for a new relationship in terms of labor justice.
For his part, the chief executive emphasized that this reform will benefit labor democracy, since workers will be able to freely choose their representatives in unions and will also approve their working conditions.
He also added that the reform is consistent with the ideas of transformation of the current government, and is a response to the request made by Canada and the United States at the signing of the Free Trade Agreement (T-MEC) to build labor justice in the country.
According to the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare (STPS), this new model will allow workers to decide and participate in the preparation of collective contracts. Thus, it will be possible, argues its owner, to eliminate those protection contracts signed without their authorization and it will be ensured that workers can decide if they are part of a union or if they make a new one.
Finally, Luisa María Alcalde, head of the Ministry of Labor, indicated that these changes will make it possible to comply with the commitments established in the T-MEC.
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