All Mexicans who want to work in the United States need a special visa that justifies their stay legally and for a certain time.
The United States embassy in Mexico and the consulates offer the visas H, L, O, P, and Q to work in that country temporarily, but it is required that the CONTRACTING COMPANY or ORGANIZATION First initiate the process through a petition to the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
This agency, belonging to the Department of Homeland Security of the American Union (US Department of Homeland Security – DHS), must approve the permit request and then issue a document called I-797 which, in turn, will allow the interested party to apply for the visa before the corresponding authorities.
What are the types of temporary visas?
It is intended to allow el temporary job in the United States with a specialized occupation.
It requires a higher education degree or equivalent and allows multiple entries to the country for one year.
Allows the performance of seasonal or seasonal agricultural work.
This type of visa is used for transfers to the United States made by the applicant’s company or employer.
Interested parties must hold positions related to management or be an executive, have specialized knowledge and be employed by the same company for a specified period in a row.
If the applicant applies for the L1 visa under a blanket petition, which allows several employees to be transferred together, they must pay $ 500 as a concept of ‘fraud prevention and detection fee’ on the day of their interview.
In addition, applicants must pay an additional fee of $ 4,500 if the company they work for has more than 50 workers in the United States.
Note: These fees do not ensure visa approval.
O / P Visa
These visas are forto artists, performers or workers exchange workers with unusual or extraordinary abilities who wish to work in the American Union sponsored by their companies or employers.
Applicants must be directed to teaching, training, for performances, or to participate in any US cultural program.
It is aimed at employees who travel to the United States through cultural exchange to provide training and practical employment and to offer knowledge of the applicant’s national culture.
The exchange must be done in schools, museums, businesses or establishments where the public is exposed to the national culture of the applicant.
What documentation is required?
Once the petition is approved, applicants must start the process with the form I-797 and other documents such as:
1. Valid passport.
2. Confirmation sheet of the printed application DS-160. You can access the form at this link.
3. Original duty payment receipt.
4. Original or copy of form I-797 known as Notice of Action Form I-797 A, B or C or as the request.
5. Original marriage or birth certificate or certified copy only in case the application is made by a dependent of a main beneficiary such as the spouse.
The optional documentation It is not strictly mandatory, if applicants wish to add it to the list of requirements they can do so.
If considered, the documentation can help the consular authorities determine the Applicants’ intentions to return to Mexico once your work period is over.
1. Passports that contain previous American visas regardless of whether they have expired.
2. Original birth certificate or certified copy.
3. Credential to vote (INE).
4. Curriculum Vitae that includes information about education and work experiences.
5. Proof of education such as high school or bachelor’s diplomas, degree or professional license.
6. Proof of previous employment such as pay stubs, work credentials, or a letter from Human Resources.
Trump suspends temporary work visas until 2021
Due to the pandemic, the president Donald trump issued a decree that establishes the suspension of visas for temporary workers who wish to travel to United States until 2021, which will prevent at least 240,000 foreigners from entering the country.
The visas he suspended are H1B, H2B, H4, L1, and J1.
“As part of our efforts to recover the United States, the president has decided to suspend certain types of visas until the end of this year,” said a senior government official in a phone call with journalists.
The visa suspension went into effect on June 24 with the aim of “maximizing opportunities for American workers to find employment” amidst the economic crisis that unleashed the pandemic.
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