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Air quality in Concón today February 22, 2021 – ICAP air condition

infobae-image Good (PM 2.5 10 µg ∕ m3) ICAP 20
Good (PM 10 23 µg ∕ m3N) ICAP 15
Good (Sulfur dioxide 9.6 µg ∕ m3N) ICAGSO2 2
Good (Nitrogen dioxide 7.18 ppbv)
Good (Carbon monoxide 0.42 ppmv)
Good (Ozone 12 ppbv) ICAP

Air Quality Index referred to Particles (ICAP) according to DS No. 59/1998 of the Ministry General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic (MINSEGPRES) that establishes the Primary Quality Standard for Respirable Particulate Material MP10 and especially the levels that define situations of Environmental Emergency.

Good Regular Alert Pre-emergency Emergency 0 – 99 100 – 199200 – 299300 – 499500 – Superior

Guide to understand the restrictions and measures about the environmental quality of the air.

OKAY

Heating: Prohibition of the Use of Wood Heaters (except pellets) in the province of Santiago and the communes of San Bernardo and Puente Alto.
Control of Visible Smokes to Heaters.

Automobile: Permanent Restriction to Vehicles Without a Green Seal within the Américo Vespucio Ring and a 4-digit restriction outside the A. Vespucio Ring, from Monday to Friday.
Permanent Restriction to Vehicles With Green Seal (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2011, from Monday to Friday.

Motorcycles: Permanent Restriction to Motorcycles (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2010, from Monday to Friday.

Trucks “Restriction to Freight Transportation, No Green Seal, 4 digits, from Monday to Friday.

Fixed Sources: Not Applicable

Dry Firewood: Prohibition of Agricultural Burns in the entire Metropolitan Region, between March 15 and September 30.

Physical Activity: Not Applicable

REGULAR

Heaters: Prohibition of the Use of Wood Heaters (except pellets) in the province of Santiago and the communes of San Bernardo and Puente Alto.
Control of Visible Smokes to Heaters.

Automobile: Permanent Restriction to Vehicles Without a Green Seal within the Américo Vespucio Ring and a 4-digit restriction outside the A. Vespucio Ring, from Monday to Friday.
Permanent Restriction to Vehicles With Green Seal (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2011, Monday through Friday.

Motorcycles: Permanent Restriction to Motorcycles (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2010, from Monday to Friday. Freight Transportation: Restriction to Freight Transportation, No Green Seal, 4 digits, from Monday to Friday.

Fixed Sources: Not Applicable Dry Firewood: Prohibition of Agricultural Burns in the entire Metropolitan Region, between March 15 and September 30.

Physical Activity: Not Applicable

ALERT

Heaters: Prohibition of the Use of Wood Heaters (except pellets) in the entire Metropolitan Region.
Control of Visible Smokes to Heaters.

Automobile: Permanent Restriction to Vehicles Without a Green Seal within the Américo Vespucio Ring and 4-digit restriction outside the A. Vespucio Ring, from Monday to Friday.
Permanent Restriction to Vehicles With Green Seal (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2011, from Monday to Friday.

Motorcycles: Permanent Restriction to Motorcycles (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2010, from Monday to Friday.

Freight Transportation: Restriction to Freight Transportation, No Green Seal, 4 digits, from Monday to Friday.

Fixed Sources: Not Applicable

Dry Firewood: Prohibition of Agricultural Burns in the entire Metropolitan Region, between March 15 and September 30.

Physical Activity: It is recommended to refrain from physical activities. The RM Education SEREMI may recommend modifying physical activity in Educational Establishments.

PRE-EMERGENCY

Heaters: Prohibition of the Use of Wood Heaters including pellets throughout the Metropolitan Region.
Control of Visible Smokes to Heaters.

Automobile: Permanent Restriction to Vehicles Without a Green Seal within the Américo Vespucio Ring between 07:30 and 21:00 hours and a 6-digit restriction outside the A. Vespucio Ring, any day of the week.
Permanent Restriction to Vehicles With Green Seal (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2011, Monday through Friday.

Motorcycles: Permanent Restriction to Motorcycles (2 digits), registered before September 1, 2010, from Monday to Friday between 07:30 and 21:00.

Freight Transportation: Restriction to Freight Transportation, Without Green Seal, 6 digits from Monday to Friday and 4-digit weekends and / or holidays. and 2-digit weekend and / or holidays

Fixed Sources: They paralyze point and group sources that have not proven, through isokinetic measurements, that their concentrations of particulate matter are lower than that established by the Plan.

Dry Firewood: Prohibition of Agricultural Burns in the entire Metropolitan Region, between March 15 and September 30.

Physical Activity: It is recommended to refrain from physical activities. The RM Education SEREMI may recommend modifying physical activity in Educational Establishments.

EMERGENCY

Heaters: Prohibition of the Use of Wood Heaters includes pellets throughout the Metropolitan Region.
Control of Visible Smokes to Heaters.

Automobile: Permanent Restriction to Vehicles Without a Green Seal within the Américo Vespucio Ring and an 8-digit restriction outside the A. Vespucio Ring, any day of the week between 07:30 and 21:00.
4-digit restriction to Green Seal Vehicles, registered before September 1, 2011, any day of the week.

Motorcycles: 4-digit restriction, to Motorcycles registered before September 1, 2010, any day of the week between 07:30 and 21:00.

Freight Transportation: Restriction to Freight Transportation, Without Green Seal, 8 digits from Monday to Friday and 6-digit weekends and / or holidays. Restriction to Freight Transportation, With Green Seal, 4 digits, from Monday to Friday. Friday and 4-digit weekend and / or holidays.

Fixed Sources: Paralysis of Fixed Sources that do not meet their new Annual PM Emission Goals, according to the list of the RM Health SEREMI. See at: Health SEREMI website.

Dry Firewood: Prohibition of Agricultural Burns in the entire Metropolitan Region, between March 15 and September 30.

Physical Activity: It is recommended to refrain from physical activities. The RM Education SEREMI may recommend modifying physical activity in Educational Establishments.

GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS In pre-emergency and environmental emergency days, the use of masks is recommended for older adults, children, pregnant women and chronically ill. Prefer public transport and / or share your car. Keep your vehicle with the gas check up to date and change the oil before its expiration date. Do not smoke inside your home, workplace, or study. When purchasing a furnace, make sure it is certified for emissions, energy efficiency, and safety. Do not burn leaves or garbage. Report those who do not respect the measures adopted for the days of alert, pre-emergency and emergency. For more information see Complaints page Maintain your heater with the periodicity indicated by the manufacturer Proper use of heaters Always use dry firewood (less than 25% humidity), distributed by established traders Always use chopped firewood, do not burn whole logs .In wood-fired heaters, start the fire only with paper and dry chips. In wood-fired heaters, keep the draft fully open for at least 10 minutes after starting the fire or refilling the wood. Constantly check the smoke outlet down the barrel of your heater or wood stove. If visible, open your heater’s draft to maintain a live flame. Never completely close the draft of your heater. Avoid a layer of creosote and soot from forming on your barrel, as this increases the risk of ignition, decreases the heating capacity and your stove pollutes more. If possible, replace your old heater with one of lower emissions and greater efficiency.Privilege the use of alternative fuels such as: gas, electricity, briquettes, oil derivatives, pellets, among others.All firewood merchants must have a municipal license, tax and forestry documentation, which accredits the Legal origin of the firewood. Require your ticket when buying firewood. With it you can assert your right as a consumer to change the product or refund the money if you are not satisfied with the purchase.

What is a pollutant?
Any element, energy, radiation, vibration or noise whose presence in the environment, at certain levels, may constitute a risk to people’s health, to the quality of life of the population, to the preservation of nature or to the conservation of heritage environmental.

What is air pollution?
Presence of pollutants in the atmosphere, such as dust, gases, or smoke in quantities and for periods of time that are harmful to humans, wildlife, and property. These pollutants can be of natural origin or produced by man directly or indirectly.

What are the effects of air pollution?
Pollution is responsible for serious impacts on the health of the population with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. It is related to premature mortality events and hospital admissions, especially affecting people over 65 years of age, under 8 years of age and those who have chronic health problems (respiratory or cardiovascular). On the other hand, air pollution is responsible for producing negative impacts on ecosystems, by contributing to processes such as acid rain, the depletion of the ozone layer and the generation of photochemical smog, in addition to contributing to climate change.

What is Particulate Matter (PM)?

Particulate material (PM) is an atmospheric pollutant that corresponds to those liquid or solid particles that are in suspension, being possible to classify it according to its diameter in PM10 (coarse) and PM2.5 (fine). The first is one in which the particles have a diameter of less than 10 microns (or microns) and the second, in which the particles have a diameter of less than 2.5 microns. For the same reason, the MP2.5 is contained in the MP10. There is also the so-called ultra-fine PM, around 0.1 μm in diameter. PM concentration is the temporary average value detected in air and is measured in micrograms per normal cubic meter (μg / m3N). Comparison of the size of a hair and fine beach sand with particles MP10 and MP2.5

What is Breathable Particulate Material?
It includes particles with a diameter of less than 10 μm, that is, PM10. These particles penetrate throughout the respiratory system to the lungs, causing irritations and affecting various diseases.

What is an Atmospheric Decontamination Prevention Plan?
It is an instrument of environmental management that seeks to prevent primary or secondary environmental standards from being exceeded in a latent zone. A latent zone is a geographic area in which the measurement of the concentration of pollutants in the air, water or soil is between 80% and 100% of the value of the respective environmental quality standard.

What is an Atmospheric Decontamination Plan?
It is an environmental management instrument designed to reduce the presence of pollutants to the levels set by primary or secondary standards in a saturated area. A saturated zone is a geographic area in which one or more environmental quality standards are exceeded.