The cases of reinfection are only something exceptional among the 12.87 million infections that America has, still the epicenter of the coronavirus, according to the latest count by the World Health Organization (WHO) but they add uncertainty to the future of the region.
Thus, the news of a possible reinfection of COVID-19 in a 25-year-old man living in Reno (Nevada), the first detected in the United States, contributes to the unknown generated by the recent cases documented in Hong Kong, the Netherlands and Belgium.
According to CBS News, this is a subject who tested positive for the coronavirus for the first time in mid-April and, after recovering, fell ill again at the end of May. The study, which is pending review for publication in The Lancet medical journal, details that there was a 48-day interval between the two infections.
Also in Brazil, the second country in the world with the highest number of cases and deaths in absolute numbers, the Hospital de las Cínicas of the city of Sao Paulo announced this week that they were investigating seven new possible cases of reinfection of COVID- 19.
The country added this Friday a total of 119,504 deaths and 3,804,803 infected.
The seven suspected patients are undergoing « additional » clinical examinations after presenting symptoms and testing positive on a diagnostic test « in two different periods, » the hospital reported.
TRUCE IN COLOMBIA AND BOLIVIA
The truce in the number of daily cases of COVID-19, with a slight decrease in Colombia and Bolivia, has led to the reopening of those two countries after five months of strict quarantines that have affected their citizens unevenly.
Thus, Bogotá began yesterday a phase in which restrictions are relaxed and that ends with the quarantines by sectors that the mayor of the city, Claudia López, had promoted after noticing an increase in cases in July and August that reached fill the UCIS about 90%.
The decrease in cases prompted the mayor to advance the end of the quarantine from August 30 to last Thursday.
The opening of the capital is the preamble to the new normal that Colombia faces as of September 1, when the general quarantine decreed in March will end and a phase of « selective » isolation will be passed, as announced by President Iván Duque on last Tuesday.
The data shows a downward trend, with 8,498 new cases this Friday, the lowest number of the week and a total of 299 deaths that are far from the more than 400 of the record so far.
Following in the footsteps of Colombia, Bolivia announced today the easing of the quarantine from September in view of the need to recover the economy, to prevent the coronavirus from going to « coronahunger, » said the country’s interim president, Jeanine Añez.
The deaths in Bolivia from COVID-19 are 4,791 and 113,129 confirmed cases, although in recent days the report of positives has dropped below 1,000 a day while in previous days it slightly exceeded 2,000, according to official data.
With the opening, both Colombia and Bolivia announced the return of international flights paralyzed until now due to the closure of borders. The Colombian Health Ministry reported that « conditions do not persist to keep international flights closed », although it did not give a date for their resumption.
Bolivia will resume regular passenger and cargo flights with the United States and Spain as of September 1.
The two countries are joined by Costa Rica, which reactivates meeting tourism and expands commercial flights from the US, despite the fact that this Friday it registered a record of infected in a single day with 1,193 cases that make a total of 38,485 positive, while it has a death toll of 407 victims.
CASES INCREASE IN ARGENTINA AND THE CARIBBEAN
By ranking of countries, the most visible change is the rise of Argentina to eleventh position on the list of countries with the most cases of coronavirus, registering more than 370,000 cases.
The country adds 11,717 new cases of COVID-19, a record number that has forced the Argentine government to extend the quarantine until September 20.
In the Caribbean, there is an increase in infections and deaths from COVID-19, with the Bahamas at the forefront that has encouraged rulers to once again limit population movements.
The small territories of the Caribbean Community (Caricom) are already approaching 300 deaths from the disease.
In addition, the Dominican Republic will extend the state of emergency due to the pandemic for another 45 days, the state of emergency decreed by the increase in coronavirus infections, which will allow the Government to maintain the curfew.
Havana also passes a stricter quarantine, as it is the area of Cuba with the greatest transmission complexity.
For this reason, the authorities will apply more rigorous measures for 15 days, including a night curfew, to try to control the outbreaks of COVID-19 that have already caused the cancellation of the reopening in the capital.
MORE INVESTMENT FOR VACCINES
In recent days, several organizations have shown their willingness to finance scientific projects for a medical treatment or a vaccine to mitigate the consequences of the pandemic. With this objective, the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI) announced today that it will support Central American countries with 350 million dollars to acquire a vaccine against COVID-19 in a timely manner.
America is key from an epidemiological point of view since it adds some 13 million cases, more than half the world, and 450,000 deaths (54% of the total) from coronavirus. WHO registers 173 vaccine candidates: 142 are still in the preclinical stage, including two from Brazil and one from Argentina, and 31 have advanced to human testing, including one from Cuba. Of the latter, seven have already entered phase 3 and are in the mass recruitment process.