150 tombs found in Autun reveal their proto-Christian past and reveal the vibrant life of the Roman vivitas in the 3rd century AD.
Some 150 tombs from the middle of the 3rd to the 5th century were discovered during excavations of a major necropolis in the north of ancient Gaul.
According to the information given by the French archaeological services, it is a great find of Christian graves in a Roman town.
150 TOMBS FOUND IN AUTUM REVEAL THE CHRISTIAN PAST OF THE ROMAN CIVITAS
The necropolis was found during a pre-emptive search prior to the construction of a house in Autun, France.
It contains “Christian graves among the oldest in the northern half of Gaul,” explained the National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research.
So far, “one of the first mentions of Christ in Gaul, dated from the fourth century” has been found.
WHAT THE TOMBS CONTAINED
Among the 150 tombs, archeologists found a 1,500-year-old stoneware sarcophagus “still sealed” and that “it could contain well-preserved remains,” Nicolas Tisserand, co-responsible for the excavations, told ., explaining that it will be opened in August. .
The other graves are mostly made of wood, but there are also lead ones. “No object was found since the deceased were buried according to the Christian religion,” added Tisserand.
The excavations “took place on a vast, intact three-hectare burial site located northeast of the ancient Roman city,” said archaeologist Carole Fossurier, who heads the project.
Founded in the 1st century BC, the Roman city of Autun was one of the most iconic places in medieval Christianity since the end of Antiquity.
It is a commune in the Saone et Loire department, France. Located in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.
It was founded during the Main era of the first Roman Empire by the emperor Augustus as Augustodunum to give the Gallic people Aedui a Roman capital, which had Bibracte as its political center.
In Roman times, the city may have been home to 30,000 to 100,000 people, according to different estimates.
Augustodunum was founded during the reign of the first Roman emperor, Augustus, from whom it was named.
It was the “tribal capital” civitas of the Aedui, the continental Celts who had been allies and “brothers” of Rome since before Julius Caesar’s Gallic wars.
Augustodunum was a planned base that replaced the original Bibracte oppidum, located about 25 km (16 miles) away.
Various elements of Roman architecture, such as walls, doors, and a Roman theater are still visible in the city.
You can also read: